The Incidence of Tuberous Breast Deformity in Asymmetric and Symmetric Mammaplasty Patients

  • Danielle M. DeLuca-Pytell
  • Rocco C. Piazza
  • Julie C. Holding
  • Ned SnyderIV
  • Lisa M. Hunsicker
  • Linda G. Phillips


Tuberous breast deformity is characterized by an aberration of breast shape. The authors focus on the incidence and identification of tuberous breast deformity in all patients seeking changes in their breast size, not just those seeking corrections for asymmetry. This study presents the incidence of tuberous breast deformity among women with symmetric and asymmetric breasts who presented to the authors’ clinic over a 10-year period. Most women have some degree of breast asymmetry. Tuberous deformity, nipple–areola complex involvement, and breast asymmetry may contribute to a patient’s preoperative decision to seek surgical correction, and also, if they are not corrected intraoperatively, to postoperative dissatisfaction. It is essential that patients be evaluated for asymmetry and, thus, tuberous deformity so that these breast abnormalities may be identified and addressed during preoperative planning to ensure an optimal outcome for the patient.


Breast Augmentation Breast Reduction Breast Base Reduction Mammaplasty Areola Complex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle M. DeLuca-Pytell
    • 1
  • Rocco C. Piazza
    • 2
  • Julie C. Holding
    • 3
  • Ned SnyderIV
    • 4
  • Lisa M. Hunsicker
    • 5
  • Linda G. Phillips
    • 6
  1. 1.Mount KiscoeUSA
  2. 2.Grand RapidsUSA
  3. 3.GalvestonUSA
  4. 4.AustinUSA
  5. 5.Revalla Plastic SurgeryLittletonUSA
  6. 6.Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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