Advertisement

Classification of Breast Ptosis

  • Melvin A. Shiffman

Abstract

Ptosis classification is a means for following patients, informing consultants, and informing future surgeons. The various classifications that are discussed include those of Lalardrie-Jouglard (1973), Renault (1976), Lewis (1983), Brink (1990), LaTrenta and Hoffman (1994), and de la Torre and Vasconez (2007). The classification of ptosis helps determine the type of surgery for mastopexy. The determination of whether to augment a breast, perform mastopexy, or do a combination of both involves the physician discussing the pros and cons of each procedure with the patient and the patient deciding what is to be done. The patient has to decide on the type of mastopexy surgery, considering the position of the scars.

Keywords

Inframammary Fold Marked Hypertrophy Skin Envelope Fold Level Lower Contour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Lalardrie JP, Jouglard JP: Chirurgie Plastique du Sein. Paris , Masson 1973 Google Scholar
  2. Regnault P: Breast ptosis: definition and treatment. Clin Plast Surg 1976;34(2):193–203Google Scholar
  3. Lewis JR Jr.: Mammary ptosis. In: Georgiade NG (ed). Aesthetic Breast Surgery. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins 1983, pp 130–145Google Scholar
  4. Brink RR: Evaluating breast parenchymal maldistribution with regards to mastopexy and augmentation mammaplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg 1990;84:715–719Google Scholar
  5. Brink RB: Management of true ptosis of the breast. Plast Reconstr Surg 1993;91(4):657-662PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. LaTrenta GS, Hoffman LA: Breast reduction. In: Rees TD, LaTrenta GS (eds). Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, 2nd edn. Philadelphia, WB Saunders 1994, pp 971, 975 Google Scholar
  7. de la Torre J, Vasconez LO: Breast mastopexy. 2007. http://www.emedicine.com/plastic/topic128.htmGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melvin A. Shiffman
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of SurgeryTustin Hospital and Medical CenterTustinUSA

Personalised recommendations