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National Mapping of Landform Elements in Support of S-Map, A New Zealand Soils Database

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

This paper describes an application of terrain analysis where a national dataset of landform elements derived from a 25 m resolution national digital terrain model has been used to underpin soil-landscape modelling in the complex steepland terrain of New Zealand. This research supports S-map, a new initiative to improve New Zealand’s soil databases. Landform elements are derived from a fuzzy classification based on local geometry (curvature and slope) and landscape context, and provide a primary foundation for mapping soil distribution in steepland land systems, which significantly improves knowledge of soil distribution on hillslopes in complex landscapes, and over a wide range of land systems. So far, land elements and soil-landscape models have been used to model soil distribution in more than 10 distinct land systems (covering over 10% of New Zealand’s total steeplands area).

Keywords

  • Digital Elevation Model (DEM)
  • landform elements
  • steeplands
  • soil mapping

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© 2008 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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BARRINGER, J.R., HEWITT, A.E., LYNN, I.H., SCHMIDT, J. (2008). National Mapping of Landform Elements in Support of S-Map, A New Zealand Soils Database. In: Zhou, Q., Lees, B., Tang, Ga. (eds) Advances in Digital Terrain Analysis. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-77800-4_24

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