Cognitive Categorizing in UBIAS Intelligent Medical Information Systems
This chapter will demonstrate that artificial intelligence methods based on linguistic mechanisms for semantic meaning reasoning can be used to develop new classes of intelligent information systems, and can be applied quite successfully to conduct in-depth meaning analyzes in the presented DSS (Diagnostic Support Systems) information systems as well as in a subclass of intelligent, cognitive systems used to analyze images: UBIAS (Understanding Based Image Analysis Systems). The study will present an IT mechanism for describing the meaning of analyzed objects using selected examples of analyzes of medical images, including those of the spinal cord and bone radiograms. The presented semantic reasoning procedures are based on the cognitive resonance model and have been applied for the job of interpreting the meaning of a selected type of diagnostic images of the central nervous system as well as images of the bone system. The solutions and applications presented here are of a research nature and show the directions in which modern IT systems as well as medical diagnostic support systems expand into the field of automatic, computer meaning interpretation of various patterns acquired in image diagnostics.
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