Real-Time Color Image Watermarking Based on D-SVD Scheme

  • Cheng-Fa Tsai
  • Wen-Yi Yang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4872)


This investigation presents a robust digital watermarking scheme for copyright protection, called D-SVD. The proposed scheme integrates discrete cosine transform (DCT) with singular value decomposition (SVD). In contrast to traditional methods based on DCT watermarking schemes, in which watermark messages are embedded directly on DCT frequency coefficients, the proposed approach emphasizes that watermark message bit is embedded on the blocks of the DCT coefficient’s singular value within an original color image. Experimental results demonstrate that the quality of watermarked image is robust under compression, noises, filtering and various attacks. In addition, it is observed that the proposed D-SVD algorithm can obtain larger NC and PSNR values than some existing well-known methods, and can successfully resist attacks such as cropping, blurring, reshaping, adding noise and JPEG compression.


digital watermarking copyright protection image processing 


  1. 1.
    Narges, A., Reza, S.: A Novel DCT-based Approach for Secure Color Image Watermarking. In: IEEE Computer Society Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Technology: Coding and Computing (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Paul, B., Ma, X.-H.: Image Adaptive Watermarking Using Wavelet Domain Singular Value Decomposition. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for video Technology 15, 96–102 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang, Y., Pearmain, A.: Blind image data based on self reference. Pattern Recognition Letters, 1681–1689 (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen, L.-H., Lin, J.-J.: Mean quantization based image watermarking. Image and Vision Computing, 717–727 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chung, K.-L., Shen, C.-H., Chang, L.-C.: A novel SVD and VQ-based image hiding schemes. Pattern Recognition Letters, 1051–1058 (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chu, W.-C.: DCT-Based Image Watermarking Using Sub-sampling. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 5, 34–38 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Voyatzis, G., Pitas, I.: Chaotic Mixing of Digital Images and Applications to watermarking. In: Proceedings of European Conference on Multimedia Applications Service and Techniques, vol. 2, Belgium, European (1996)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hsu, C.-T., Wu, J.-L.: Hidden Digital Watermarks in Images. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 8 (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Huang, F., Guan, Z.-H.: A hybrid SVD-DCT watermarking method based on LPSNR. Pattern Recognition Letters on 25, 1769–1775 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hwang, M.-S., Chang, C.-C., Hwang, K.-F.: A Watermarking Technique Based on one-way Hash function. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics 45, 286–294 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Huang, J., Shi, Y.-Q., Shi, Y.: Embedding Image Watermarks in DC Components. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 10, 974–979 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cox, I.-J., Kilian, J., Leighton, F.-T., Shamoon, T.: Secure spread spectrum watermarking for multimedia. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 6, 1673–1687 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lin, S.-F., Chen, C.-F.: A Robust DCT-BASED Watermarking for copyright protection. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics 46, 415–421 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li, C.-T.: Digital fragile watermarking scheme for authentication of JPEG images. IEEE Image Signal Processing 151, 460–466 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu, R., Tan, T.: An SVD-Based Watermarking Scheme for Protecting Right Ownership. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 4, 121–128 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li, X.-Q., Xue, X.-Y.: Improved Robust Watermarking in DCT Domain for Color Images. In: IEEE Computer Society Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Advanced information Networking and Application (2004)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shih, F.-Y., Wu, Y.-T.: Enhancement of image watermark retrieval based on genetic algorithms. Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, 115–133 (2005)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tsai, M.-J., Yu, K.-Y., Chen, Y.-Z.: Joint Wavelet and Spatial Transformation for Digital Watermarking. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics 46, 241–245 (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng-Fa Tsai
    • 1
  • Wen-Yi Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Management Information Systems, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, 91201 PingtungTaiwan

Personalised recommendations