Multi-class Binary Object Categorization Using Blurred Shape Models
The main difficulty in the binary object classification field lays in dealing with a high variability of symbol appearance. Rotation, partial occlusions, elastic deformations, or intra-class and inter-class variabilities are just a few problems. In this paper, we introduce a novel object description for this type of symbols. The shape of the object is aligned based on principal components to make the recognition invariant to rotation and reflection. We propose the Blurred Shape Model (BSM) to describe the binary objects. This descriptor encodes the probability of appearance of the pixels that outline the object’s shape. Besides, we present the use of this descriptor in a system to improve the BSM performance and deal with binary objects multi-classification problems. Adaboost is used to train the binary classifiers, learning the BSM features that better split object classes. Then, the different binary problems learned by the Adaboost are embedded in the Error Correcting Output Codes framework (ECOC) to deal with the muti-class case. The methodology is evaluated in a wide set of object classes from the MPEG07 repository. Different state-of-the-art descriptors are compared, showing the robustness and better performance of the proposed scheme when classifying objects with high variability of appearance.
KeywordsShape descriptors Multi-class classification Adaboost Error Correcting Output Codes
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