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Obstacle Detection and Avoidance System for Visually Impaired People

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNISA,volume 4813)


In this paper, we implemented a wearable system for visually impaired users which allows them to detect and avoid obstacles. This is based on ultrasound sensors which can acquire range data from objects in the environment by estimating the time-of-flight of the ultrasound signal. Using a hemispherical sensor array, we can detect obstacles and determine which directions should be avoided. However, the ultrasound sensors are only used to detect whether obstacles are present in front of users. We determine unimpeded directions by analyzing patterns of the range values from consecutive frames. Feedback is presented to users in the form of voice commands and vibration patterns. Our system is composed of an ARM9-based embedded system, an ultrasonic sensor array, an orientation tracker and a set of vibration motors with controller.


  • Mobile Robot
  • Sensor Array
  • Current Frame
  • Ultrasound Signal
  • Obstacle Detection

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© 2007 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Shin, BS., Lim, CS. (2007). Obstacle Detection and Avoidance System for Visually Impaired People. In: Oakley, I., Brewster, S. (eds) Haptic and Audio Interaction Design. HAID 2007. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 4813. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-76701-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-76702-2

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)