Methods of Investigation

Part of the Monographs in Electrochemistry book series (MOEC)

Abstract

Electrochemical techniques, mostly transient methods such as cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and chronocoulometry (CC), are the primary tools used to follow the formation and deposition of polymers as well as the kinetics of their charge transport processes. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) has become the most powerful technique available for obtaining kinetic parameters such as the rate of charge transfer, diffusion coefficients (and their dependence on potential), the double layer capacity, the pseudocapacitance of the polymer film, and the film's resistance. Combinations of electrochemical methods with non-electrochemical techniques, especially spectroelectrochemistry (UV-VIS, FTIR, ESR), the electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM), radiotracer methods, probe beam deflection (PBD), various microscopies (STM, AFM, SECM), ellipsometry, and in situ conductivity measurements, have allowed us to enhance our understanding of the nature of charge transport and charge transfer processes, structure–property relationships, and the mechanisms of chemical transformations that occur during charging/discharging processes. Ex situ techniques used in the field of conducting polymers are also briefly discussed here.

Keywords: Electrochemical techniques – Combined methods – Ex situ techniques

Keywords

Quartz FTIR Spectroscopy Convolution Refraction Aniline 

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