Wayfinding Strategies in Behavior and Language: A Symmetric and Interdisciplinary Approach to Cognitive Processes

  • Thora Tenbrink
  • Jan M. Wiener
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4387)

Abstract

We present an interdisciplinary approach to the investigation of strategies and heuristics reflecting the cognitive processes underlying human wayfinding. To achieve this, we symmetrically investigate navigation behavior and associated language. This novel approach combines two completely different and independent directions of research that complement each other naturally and necessarily, but which have seldom been directly combined so far. The current focus on wayfinding strategies and heuristics is a fairly new scientific goal both in behavioral and linguistic research areas; also, the methods of discourse analysis have rarely been directly adopted to systematically investigate parallels between natural discourse and navigation behavior. In this paper, we outline and motivate our approach and present first results gained in combined empirical investigation.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, G.: Principles and practices for communicating route knowledge. Applied Cognitive Psychology 14, 333–359 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Avraamides, M.N., Loomis, J.M., Klatzky, R.L., Golledge, R.G.: Functional Equivalence of Spatial Representations Derived From Vision and Language: Evidence From Allocentric Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 30(4), 801–814 (2004)Google Scholar
  3. Bloom, P., Peterson, M., Nadel, L., Garrett, M.: Language and Space. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA (1996)Google Scholar
  4. Carlson, L.A., van der Zee, E.: Functional features in language and space: Insights from perception, categorization and development. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2005)Google Scholar
  5. Carroll, M., von Stutterheim, C.: The representation of spatial configurations in English and German and the grammatical structure of locative and anaphoric expressions. Linguistics 31, 1011–1041 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Christenfeld, N.: Choices from identical Options. Psychological Science 6, 50–55 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clark, H.H.: Using Language. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Couclelis, H.: Verbal directions for way-finding: space, cognition, and language. In: Portugali, J. (ed.) The construction of cognitive maps, pp. 133–153. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Daniel, M.-P., Denis, M.: Spatial Descriptions as Navigational Aids: A Cognitive Analysis of Route Directions. Kognitionswissenschaft 7(1), 45–52 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Denis, M.: The description of routes: A cognitive approach to the production of spatial discourse. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive 16(4), 409–458 (1997)Google Scholar
  11. Denis, M., Pazzaglia, F., Cornoldi, C., Bertolo, L.: Spatial discourse and navigation: an analysis of route directions in the city of Venice. Applied Cognitive Psychology 13(2), 145–174 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ehrich, V.: Zur Linguistik und Psycholinguistik der sekundären Raumdeixis. In: Schweizer, H. (ed.) Sprache und Raum: Ein Arbeitsbuch für das Lehren von Forschung, pp. 130–161. Metzler, Stuttgart (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Filipi, A., Wales, R.: Perspective-taking and perspective-shifting as socially situated and collaborative actions. Journal of Pragmatics 36(10), 1851–1884 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fischer, K., Moratz, R.: From Communicative Strategies to Cognitive Modelling. In: Workshop Epigenetic Robotics Lund (2001)Google Scholar
  15. Fonteyn, M.E., Kuipers, B., Grobe, S.J.: A Description of Think Aloud Method and Protocol Analysis. Qualitative Health Research 3(4), 430–441 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gärling, T., Gärling, E.: Distance minimization in downtown pedestrian shopping. Environment and Planning A 20, 547–554 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gärling, T., Säisä, J., Böök, J., Lindberg, E.: The spatiotemporal sequencing of everyday activities in the large-scale environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology 6, 261–280 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Garrod, S.C., Anderson, A.: Saying what you mean in dialogue: a study in conceptual and semantic co-ordination. Cognition 27, 181–218 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Habel, C.: Prozedurale Aspekte der Wegplanung und Wegbeschreibung. In: Schnelle, H., Rickheit, G. (eds.) Sprache in Mensch und Computer, pp. 107–133. Westdeutscher Verlag, Wiesbaden (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Habel, C.: Incremental Generation of Multimodal Route Instructions. In: Freedman, R., Callaway, C. (eds.) Working Papers of the 2003 AAAI Spring Symposium on Natural Language Generation in Spoken and Written Dialogue, pp. 44–51. AAAI Press, Menlo Park, California (2003)Google Scholar
  21. Halliday, M.A.K., Matthiessen, C.M.I.M.: Construing experience through meaning: a language-based approach to cognition. Cassell, London (1999)Google Scholar
  22. Hayward, W., Tarr, M.: Spatial language and spatial representation. Cognition 55, 39–84 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hermer-Vazquez, L., Spelke, E.S., Katsnelson, A.S.: Sources of Flexibility in Human Cognition: Dual-Task Studies of Space and Language. Cognitive Psychology 39(1), 3–36 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Herrmann, T., Grabowski, J.: Sprechen: Psychologie der Sprachproduktion. Spektrum Verlag, Heidelberg (1994)Google Scholar
  25. Herskovits, A.: Language and Spatial Cognition: an interdisciplinary study of the prepositions in English. Studies in Natural Language Processing. Cambridge University Press, London (1986)Google Scholar
  26. Hobbs, J.R.: Granularity. In: Weld, D.S., de Kleer, J. (eds.) Qualitative Reasoning about Physical Systems, pp. 542–545. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, California (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hochmair, H., Frank, U.: Influence of estimation errors on wayfinding-decisions in unknown street networks - analyzing the least-angle strategy. Spatial Cognition and Computation 2(4), 283–313 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hölscher, C., Meilinger, T., Vrachliotis, G., Broesamle, M., Knauff, M.: Finding the Way Inside: Linking Architectural Design Analysis and Cognitive Processes. In: Freksa, C., Knauff, M., Krieg-Brückner, B., Nebel, B., Barkowsky, T. (eds.) Spatial Cognition IV. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 3343, pp. 1–23. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)Google Scholar
  29. Janzen, G., Herrmann, T., Katz, S., Schweizer, K.: Oblique Angled Intersections and Barriers: Navigating through a Virtual Maze. In: Habel, C., Brauer, W., Freksa, C., Wender, K.F. (eds.) Spatial Cognition II. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 1849, pp. 277–295. Springer, Heidelberg (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Johnson, M.: The body in the mind. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Il (1987)Google Scholar
  31. Johnson-Laird, P.: Mental Models: Towards a Cognitive Science of Language, Inference, and Consciousness. Cambrige University Press, Cambridge (1983)Google Scholar
  32. Klippel, A.: Wayfinding choremes: Conceptualizing wayfinding and route direction elements. Ph.D. thesis, Universität Bremen (2003), http://www.uni-bremen.de
  33. Kuipers, B., Tecuci, D., Stankiewicz, B.: The skeleton in the cognitive map: a computational and empirical exploration. Environment and Behavior 35(1), 80–106 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Landau, B., Jackendoff, R.: ’What’ and ’where’ in spatial language and cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16, 217–238 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Levinson, S.C.: Space in language and cognition: explorations in cognitive diversity. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Levinson, S.C., Kita, S., Haun, D.B.M., Rasch, B.H.: Returning the tables: language affects spatial reasoning. Cognition 84, 155–188 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Li, P., Gleitman, L.: Turning the tables: language and spatial reasoning. Cognition 83(3), 265–294 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Linde, C., Labov, W.: Spatial networks as a site for the study of language and thought. Language 50(4), 924–939 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lovelace, K.L., Hegarty, M., Montello, D.R.: Elements of Good Route Directions in Familiar and Unfamiliar Environments. In: Freksa, C., Mark, D.M. (eds.) COSIT 1999. LNCS, vol. 1661, pp. 65–82. Springer, Heidelberg (1999)Google Scholar
  40. Lynch, K.: The Image of the City. MIT Press, Cambridge (1960)Google Scholar
  41. Mainwaring, S.D., Tversky, B., Ohgishi, M., Schiano, D.J.: Descriptions of simple spatial scenes in English and Japanese. Spatial Cognition and Computation 3(1), 3–42 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Munnich, E., Landau, B., Dosher, B.A.: Spatial language and spatial representation: a cross-linguistic comparison. Cognition 81(3), 171–208 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. O’Neill, M.J.: Effects of familiarity and plan complexity on wayfinding in simulated buildings. Journal of Environmental Psychology 12, 319–327 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Pickering, M.J., Garrod, S.: Towards a mechanistic psychology of dialogue. Behavioural and Brain Sciences 27(2), 169–190 (2004)Google Scholar
  45. Rieser, H.: Repräsentations-Metonymie, Perspektive und Koordination in aufgabenorientierten Dialogen. In: Umbach, C., Grabski, M., Hoernig, R. (eds.) Perspektive in Sprache und Raum, Studien zur Kognitionswissenschaft, pp. 1–26. Deutscher Universitätsverlag, Wiesbaden (1997)Google Scholar
  46. Rosch, E., Lloyds, B.: Cognition and categorization. Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ (1978)Google Scholar
  47. Rüetschi, U.J., Timpf, S.: Using Image Schemata to Represent Meaningful Spatial Configurations. In: Meersman, R., Tari, Z., Herrero, P. (eds.) On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2005: OTM 2005 Workshops. LNCS, vol. 3762, pp. 1047–1055. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sacks, H., Schegloff, E., Jefferson, G.: A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-taking for Conversation. Language 50, 696–735 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Schober, M., Brennan, S.: Processes of interactive spoken discourse: The role of the partner. In: Graesser, A., Gernsbacher, M., Goldman, S. (eds.) Handbook of Discourse Processes, pp. 123–164. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ (2003)Google Scholar
  50. Schober, M.F.: Spatial perspective taking in conversation. Cognition 47, 1–24 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Stern, E., Leiser, D.: Levels of spatial knowledge and urban travel modeling. Geographical Analysis 20, 140–155 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Talmy, L.: Towards a cognitive semantics. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA (2000)Google Scholar
  53. Tappe, H.: Perspektivenwahl in Beschreibungen dynamischer und statischer Wegeskizzen. In: Habel, C., von Stutterheim, C. (eds.) Räumliche Konzepte und sprachliche Strukturen, Niemeyer, pp. 69–95 (2000)Google Scholar
  54. Taylor, H., Tversky, B.: Spatial mental models derived from survey and route descriptions. Journal of Memory and Language 31, 261–292 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Taylor, H., Tversky, B.: Perspective in spatial descriptions. Journal of Memory and Language 35, 371–391 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tenbrink, T.: Conveying spatial information in linguistic human-robot interaction. In: DiaBruck, 7th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue, Proceedings, September 4-6, pp. 207–208 (2003)Google Scholar
  57. Tenbrink, T.: Space, time, and the use of language: An investigation of relationships. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin (2007)Google Scholar
  58. Tenbrink, T., Fischer, K., Moratz, R.: Spatial Strategies in Linguistic Human-Robot Communication. In: Freksa, C. (ed.) KI-Themenheft 4/02 Spatial Cognition, pp. 19–23. arenDTaP Verlag (2002)Google Scholar
  59. Timpf, S., Kuhn, W.: Granularity Transformations in Wayfinding. In: Freksa, C., Brauer, W., Habel, C., Wender, K.F. (eds.) Spatial Cognition III. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 2685, pp. 77–88. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tversky, B.: Spatial Perspective in Descriptions. In: Bloom, P., Peterson, M., Nadel, L., Garrett, M. (eds.) Language and Space, pp. 109–169. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA (1996)Google Scholar
  61. Tversky, B., Franklin, N., Taylor, H.A., Bryant, D.J.: Spatial Mental Models from Descriptions. JASIS 45(9), 656–668 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. van der Zee, E., Slack, J.: Representing direction in language and space. In: Explorations in language and space, Oxford University Press, Oxford (2003)Google Scholar
  63. Visser, W., Wolff, M.: A cognitive approach to spatial discourse production: Combining manual and automatic analyses of route descriptions. In: Proceedings of EuroCogSci 2003: The European Cognitive Science Conference, Osnabrueck, Germany, September 10-13, pp. 355–360 (2003)Google Scholar
  64. Werner, S., Long, P.: Cognition meets Le Corbusier - Cognitive principles of architectural design. In: Freksa, C., Brauer, W., Habel, C., Wender, K.F. (eds.) Spatial Cognition III. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 2685, pp. 112–126. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Wiener, J.M., Ehbauer, N., Mallot, H.A.: Path planning and optimization in the traveling salesman problem (submitted)Google Scholar
  66. Wiener, J.M., Franz, G.: Isovist analysis captures properties of space relevant for locomotion and experience (under revision)Google Scholar
  67. Wiener, J.M., Mallot, H.A.: Fine-to-Coarse Route Planning and Navigation in Regionalized Environments. Spatial Cognition and Computation 3(4), 331–358 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Wiener, J.M., Schnee, A., Mallot, H.A.: Use and Interaction of Navigation Strategies in Regionalized Environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology 24(4), 475–493 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Wiener, J.M., Franz, G.: Isovists as a means to predict spatial experience and behavior. In: Freksa, C., Knauff, M., Krieg-Brückner, B., Nebel, B., Barkowsky, T. (eds.) Spatial Cognition IV. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 3343, pp. 42–57. Springer, Berlin, Germany (2005)Google Scholar
  70. Zwaan, R.A., Radvansky, G.A.: Situation Models in Language Comprehension and Memory. Psychological Bulletin 123(2), 162–185 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thora Tenbrink
    • 1
  • Jan M. Wiener
    • 2
  1. 1.FB10 Linguistics and Literary Sciences, University of Bremen, Postfach 330440, 28334 BremenGermany
  2. 2.Collège de France, Laboratoire de Physiologie de la perception et de l’action, 11, place Marcelin Berthelot, 75231 ParisFrance

Personalised recommendations