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Symbolic Fault Tree Analysis for Reactive Systems

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Automated Technology for Verification and Analysis (ATVA 2007)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ((LNPSE,volume 4762))

Abstract

Fault tree analysis is a traditional and well-established technique for analyzing system design and robustness. Its purpose is to identify sets of basic events, called cut sets, which can cause a given top level event, e.g. a system malfunction, to occur. Generating fault trees is particularly critical in the case of reactive systems, as hazards can be the result of complex interactions involving the dynamics of the system and of the faults. Recently, there has been a growing interest in model-based fault tree analysis using formal methods, and in particular symbolic model checking techniques. In this paper we present a broad range of algorithmic strategies for efficient fault tree analysis, based on binary decision diagrams (BDDS). We describe different algorithms encompassing different directions (forward or backward) for reachability analysis, using dynamic cone of influence techniques to optimize the use of the finite state machine of the system, and dynamically pruning of the frontier states. We evaluate the relative performance of the different algorithms on a set of industrial-size test cases.

This work has been partly supported by the E.U.-sponsored project ISAAC, contract no. AST3-CT-2003-501848.

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Kedar S. Namjoshi Tomohiro Yoneda Teruo Higashino Yoshio Okamura

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Bozzano, M., Cimatti, A., Tapparo, F. (2007). Symbolic Fault Tree Analysis for Reactive Systems. In: Namjoshi, K.S., Yoneda, T., Higashino, T., Okamura, Y. (eds) Automated Technology for Verification and Analysis. ATVA 2007. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 4762. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-75596-8_13

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-75596-8_13

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-75595-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-75596-8

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