Business Integration — Past, Present and Beyond



Business integration has been a manual task for centuries. In Greek and Roman times, document exchange relied on courier runners. The horse-carriage-based postal system developed in medieval Europe, with regular lines and connections, added more regularity and reduced exchange times and costs. Electric and electronic media such as telegraphs, the telephone, telex, fax machines and early computer networks contributed to the same objectives. But even with these advances, the final document and process integration remained a manual, i.e., human task.


Business Process Conceptual Challenge Human Task Regular Line Semantic Reference 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

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