Degradation in Spatial Knowledge Acquisition When Using Automatic Navigation Systems

  • Avi Parush
  • Shir Ahuvia
  • Ido Erev
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4736)


Over-reliance on automated navigation systems may cause users to be “mindless” of the environment and not develop the spatial knowledge that maybe required when automation fails. This research focused on the potential degradation in spatial knowledge acquisition due to the reliance on automatic wayfinding systems. In addition, the impact of “keeping the user in the loop” strategies on spatial knowledge was examined. Participants performed wayfindings tasks in a virtual building with continuous or by-request position indication, in addition to responding to occasional orientation quizzes. Findings indicate that having position indication by request and orientation quizzes resulted in better acquired spatial knowledge. The findings are discussed in terms of keeping the user actively investing mental effort in the wayfinding task as a strategy to reduce the possible negative impact of automated navigation systems.


Navigation System Present Position Spatial Knowledge Position Indication Route Description 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avi Parush
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shir Ahuvia
    • 2
  • Ido Erev
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Carleton University, B552 Loeb Building, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON , K1S 5B6Canada
  2. 2.Faculty of Industrial Management and Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 32000Israel

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