Mitigation of the Pharmaceutical Outlet into the Environment – Experiences from Sweden

  • B. Gunnarsson
  • Å. Wennmalm


Risk Assessment Medicinal Product Hazard Assessment Sewage Treatment Plant Personal Care Product 
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  1. CHMP (Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use) (2006) Guideline on the Environmental Risk Assessment of Medicinal Products for Human Use. 1 June 2006, Ref EMEA/CPMP/SWP/4447/00 LIF website: Google Scholar
  2. Medical Products Agency Sweden (2004) Miljöpåverkan från läkemedel samt kosmetiska och hygieniska produkter. (Summary in English)Google Scholar
  3. Stockholm County Council website on pharmaceuticals: About the environment and pharmaceuticals. English: Environment and Pharmaceuticals)Google Scholar
  4. Wennmalm Å, Gunnarsson B (2005) Public health care management of water pollution with pharmaceuticals: environmental classification and analysis of pharmaceutical residues in sewage water. Drug Inf J 39:291–297Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Gunnarsson
    • 1
  • Å. Wennmalm
    • 2
  1. 1.Apoteket AB Söndermalmsallén 36118 81 Stockholm
  2. 2.Chief Executive BoardSweden

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