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Mycotoxins in the Soil Environment

  • Susanne Elmholt
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 14)

Hawksworth (1991) suggested the existence of 1.5 million fungal species, of which about 5% are known. As many fungi produce a plethora of secondary metabolites, only fantasy sets a limit to the number we may find in soil. Many secondary metabolites have been characterised chemically in line with improved analytical methods and increasing consensus that metabolite profiling is a valuable means of phenotype characterisation in taxonomical studies (Frisvad and Filtenborg 1989; Pitt and Samson 1990; Thrane 1989; Frisvad et al. 1998; Samson et al. 2000; Moss and Thrane 2004; Thrane et al. 2004). A review of the many secondary metabolites likely to be found in the soil environment is beyond the scope of this chapter especially because we lack detailed knowledge of the function and importance of most of them. Instead this chapter concentrates on mycotoxins that constitute a recognised safety hazard to humans and domestic animals.

Keywords

Fusarium Head Blight Soil Environment Yeast Extract Sucrose Potato Sucrose Agar Food Addit Contam 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Elmholt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agroecology and Environment, Faculty of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of AarhusTjele

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