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The Effect of Fungal Secondary Metabolites on Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens

  • N. Mathivanan
  • V. R. Prabavathy
  • V. R. Vijayanandraj
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 14)

Fungi are an extremely diverse group of organisms, with about 230,000 species distributed widely essentially in every ecosystem. Among them, only limited species are considered to be effective biocontrol agents. The fungal antagonists restrict the growth of plant pathogens by the three suggested mechanisms: antibiosis, competition and parasitism. Besides, they also induce the defense responses in host plants, termed “induced systemic resistance” (van Loon et al. 1998). Among the abovementioned mechanisms, antibiosis is considered the most important, in which the antagonists produce an array of secondary metabolites such as antibiotics and toxin, which contribute to the antagonistic activity of fungal biocontrol agents against plant pathogens. Antagonistic strains belonging to the Trichoderma and Fusarium genera were able to produce various secondary metabolites which can play a role in the mechanism of their biological activity (http://www.item.ba.cnr.it/biopesti.htm). Production of antimicrobial secondary metabolites has been reported in many fungal biocontrol agents (Gottlieb and Shaw 1970; Fries 1973; Hutchinson 1973; Sivasithamparam and Ghisalberti 1998; Vyas and Mathur 2002). In this review, we highlight the secondary metabolites of selected fungal biocontrol agents and their involvement in the control of plant pathogens.

Keywords

Culture Filtrate Trichoderma Harzianum Trichoderma Viride Antifungal Metabolite Fungal Secondary Metabolite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Mathivanan
    • 1
  • V. R. Prabavathy
  • V. R. Vijayanandraj
  1. 1.Biocontrol and Microbial Metabolites Lab, Centre for Advanced Studies in BotanyUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia

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