Many habitats on the Earth have temperatures that are constantly or seasonally low. Approximately 80% of the biosphere will have a temperature of −3 to −7°C and 90% of the volume of marine habitats is below 5°C. The deep seas will have temperatures from −1°C to −4°C, glacial ice habitats will have temperatures around −5°C, while the Arctic and Antarctic areas have temperatures from −1°C to −35°C.


Alpine Area Antarctic Soil Polar Biol Mesophilic Fungus Windmill Island 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jens C. Frisvad
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Microbial Biotechnology, BioCentrum-DTU, Building 221Technical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark

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