Parabolic Flight Reconstruction from Multiple Images from a Single Camera in General Position
This paper shows that it is possible to retrieve all parameters of the parabolic flight trajectory of an object from a time stamped sequence of images captured by a single camera looking at the scene. Surprisingly, it is not necessary to use two cameras (stereo vision) in order to determine the coordinates of the moving object with respect to the floor. The technique described in this paper can thus be used to determine the three-dimensional trajectory of a ball kicked by a robot. The whole calculation can be done, at the limit, with just three measurements of the ball position captured in three consecutive frames. Therefore, this technique can be used to forecast the future motion of the ball a few milliseconds after the kick has taken place. The computation is fast and allows a robot goalie to move to the correct blocking position. Interestingly, this technique can also be used to self-calibrate stereo cameras.
KeywordsMultiple Image Ball Position Single Camera Goal Line Ball Trajectory
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