The Costs of our Coasts: Examples of Dynamic Dune Management from Western Europe
Coastal dunes are highly diverse and valuable, but vulnerable ecosystems. In certain regions of the densely populated western part of Europe, coastal dunes are multifunctional, serving several, often conflicting functions at the same time, such as nature conservation, recreation, drinking water catchment and coastal defence.Yet nature management has been accepted politically and socially.Who are the managers, what are the costs of this management and what does society gain from it? An example is given from the Sefton Coast in north-west England near Liverpool and from Meijendel, near The Hague, The Netherlands.
KeywordsDrinking Water Coastal Dune Dune System Dune Area Coastal Defence
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