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Coastal Dunes pp 173-187 | Cite as

Arbuscular Mycorrhizas in Coastal Dunes

  • R. E. Koske
  • J. N. Gemma
  • L. Corkidi
  • C. Sigüenza
  • E. Rincón
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 171)

Sand dune systems are among the best studied of primary successional sites and have attracted the attention of plant ecologists for over a century (Cowles 1899). Surprisingly, the traditional explanation of dune succession overlooks the critical contribution of mutualistic fungi that facilitate the invasion of barren areas. In fact, many of the dominant, dune-building plants appear to be incapable of growing in the dune environment if their roots are not associated with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, the topic of this chapter.

The roots of dune species, like the vast majority of vascular plants, form symbiotic associations with fungi in the order Glomales (arbuscular mycorrhizas). The fungal mycelia provide mineral nutrients in exchange for carbon compounds of the host plant (Smith and Read 1997).

Keywords

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Mycorrhizal Fungus Sand Dune Arbuscular Mycorrhiza 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. E. Koske
    • 1
  • J. N. Gemma
    • 1
  • L. Corkidi
    • 2
  • C. Sigüenza
    • 3
  • E. Rincón
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences, Ranger HallUniversity of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA
  2. 2.Tree of Life NurserySan Juan CapistranoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Botany and Plant SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA
  4. 4.Instituto de EcologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico

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