Pedestrian and Crowd Dynamics Simulation: Testing SCA on Paradigmatic Cases of Emerging Coordination in Negative Interaction Conditions

  • Stefania Bandini
  • Mizar Luca Federici
  • Sara Manzoni
  • Giuseppe Vizzari
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4671)


The paper presents a set of theoretical experiments performed to evaluate Situated Cellular Agent (SCA) approach within pedestrian dynamics research context. SCA is a modeling and simulation approach based on Multi Agent Systems principles that derives from Cellular Automata. In particular, we focus on two emerging phenomena (freezing by heating and lane formation phenomena) that have been empirically observed and already modeled by analytical particle–based models and Cellular Automata–based models.


Multi-Agent System Crowd Simulation Paradigmatic Cases Lane Formation Freezing by Heating Situated Cellular Agents 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefania Bandini
    • 1
  • Mizar Luca Federici
    • 1
  • Sara Manzoni
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Vizzari
    • 1
  1. 1.Complex Systems and Artificial Intelligence Research Center, University of Milan–BicoccaItaly

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