Since its clinical inception in 1967, heart transplantation has become the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage heart failure. Progress in the field of cardiac transplantation has been many, including rejection monitoring with cardiac biopsy, improved immunosuppression regimens, the use of mechanical circulatory support devices in end-stage heart failure patients awaiting transplant, and most recently, the use of donation after circulatory determined death (DCD) donor hearts.
Heart transplantation Heart retrieval
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