Ergonomics of Contemporary Urban Necropolises

  • T. Lewandowski
  • J. Charytonowicz
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4555)


The contemporary ergonomics can accuraely describe psychophysical capabilities of the human body, thus greatly contributing to the process of improving the living quality and parameters. Many everyday activities, relating to the man’s work, leisure, communication, or social relations, are subject to ergonomic rules and principles, and the same is true of urban and architectural space of urbanized centres as a material space of such activities. It is here that man actively satisfies his needs to engineer his space and facilities necessary for him as an individual – e.g. dwelling houses, and as community – e.g. necropolises. Modern forms of spatial arrangement of necropolises search for solutions which will not only provide a rational - ergonomic material shape of the burial place, but also satisfy mental needs of the man connected with the burial, funeral, cult of the dead, visits to the cemetery, irrespective of the man’s age and ability. Among important problems to be solved we should pay special attention to the question of accessibility of the cemetery space to the elderly and the disabled. Therefore all elements constituting the structure of necropolis must allow for ergonomic designing factors.


ergonomics of space of contemporary memory places design for all the disabled design of necropolises new burial form 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ehlgőtz, R.: Competitions of Horticultural Architecture. In: Cemeteries-Memorial places-Chapels, pp. 9–37. Paul Parey Verlag, Berlin/Hamburg (1965)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lewandowski, T.: New forms of spatial development of necropolises in Europe – Nowe formy organizacji przestrzenej nekropolii w Europie, Zastosowania ergonomii, Zielona Gora, Nr 1-2, pp. 141–158 (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lewandowski, T., Charytonowicz, J.: Forms of necropolises in the computer era, HCI, 11th International Conference on Human Computer Interaction, Las Vegas, USA, (22-27 July) 2005, CD, paper 53 (2005) ISBN 0-8058-5897-5Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lewandowski, T., Charytonowicz, J.: Necropolis and its structural elements – Nekropolia i jej elementy strukturalne, Zastosowania ergonomii, Kwartalnik, Zielona Gora, Nr 1-3, pp. 131–145 (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lewandowski, T., Charytonowicz, J.: Search for new form of burial: horizontal or vertical?, Poszukiwania nowych form pochówku: poziomo czy pionowo?, Zastosowania ergonomii, Kwartalnik, Zielona Gora, Nr 1-3, pp. 261–272 (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Charytonowicz, J., Lewandowski, T., Witczak, P.: Postulate for accessibility of remembrance places to senior and disabled persons in the information age – MKEN, Ergonomia niepelnosprawnym w wieku informacji, Lodz, Poland, pp. 77–88 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Robert Auzelle, Dernieres Demeures. Conception Composition Realization Du Cimetiere Contemporain, Paris (1965)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Syrkus, H.: Społeczne cele Urbanizacji, PWN, Warszawa (1984)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wejchert, K.: Przestrzeń wokół nas. Fibak Noma Press, Katowice (1993)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Neufert, E.: Podrecznik projektowania architektoniczno-budowlanego (2nd Polish ed.) Warszawa, Arkady, p. 531 ( 1995)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Lewandowski
    • 1
  • J. Charytonowicz
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Architecture and Town Planning, Technical University of Lodz, Al. Politechniki 6, Lodz 90-924Poland
  2. 2.Department of Architecture, Wroclaw University of Technology, ul.B.Prusa 53/55, Wroclaw 50-317Poland

Personalised recommendations