Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)

  • Rupert Engelhardt
  • Andrea Engelhardt
  • Frank Gärtner
  • Stephan Mielke
  • Uwe Frank


Internal Jugular Vein Standard Operating Procedure Polycythemia Vera Puncture Site Bone Marrow Examination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Antunes G, Neville E. Management of malignant pleural effusions. Thorax 2000;55:981–3PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bass J, White DA. Thoracocentesis in patients with hematologic malignancy: yield and safely. Chest 2005;127:2101–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Erasmus JJ, Goodman PC, Patz EF. Management of malignant pleural effusions and pneumothorax. Radiol Clin North Am 2000;38:375–83PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ferrer J, Roldan J. Clinical management of the patient with pleural effusion. Eur J Radiol 2000;34:76–86PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tassi GF, Cardillo G, Marchetti GP et al. Diagnostic and therapeutic management of malignant pleural effusion. Ann Oncol 2006;17(suppl 2):ii11–12PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 1.
chapter65/65c.htm Thoracentesis, Merck ManualGoogle Scholar
  7. 2. MedlinePlusGoogle Scholar
  8. 3. WebMDGoogle Scholar
  9. 4.
thoracentesis-procedure-guide.html Clinical NotesGoogle Scholar
  10. 5. E-medicineGoogle Scholar
  11. 1.
    Antony VB, Loddenkemper R, Astoul P et al. Management of malignant pleural effusions. Eur Respir J 2001;18:402–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 2.
    Antunes G, Neville E. Management of malignant pleural effusions. Thorax 2000;55:981–3PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 3.
    Dikensoy O, Light RW. Alternative widely available, inexpensive agents for pleurodesis. Curr Opin Pulm Med 2005;11:340–4PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 4.
    Janssen JP, Collier G, Astoul P et al. Safety of pleurodesis with talc poudrage in malignant pleural effusion: a prospective cohort study. Lancet 2007;369:1535–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 5.
    Pollak JS. Malignant pleural effusions: treatment with tunneled long-term drainage catheters. Curr Opin Pulm Med 2002;8:302–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 6.
    Shaw P, Agarwal R. Pleurodesis for malignant pleural effusions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;CD002916Google Scholar
  17. 7.
    West SD, Davies RJ, Lee YC. Pleurodesis for malignant pleural effusions. Curr Opin Pulm Med 2004;10:305–10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 1. Pleurodesis, OncolinkGoogle Scholar
  19. 2. Cochrane LibraryGoogle Scholar
  20. 3.
PleuralEffusion/PleuralEffusion.html Pleural Effusion and Pleurodesis, Virtual HospitalGoogle Scholar
  21. 1.
    Adam RA, Adam YG. Malignant ascites. J Am Coll Surg 2004;198:999–1011PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 2.
    Becker G, Galandi D, Blum HE. Malignant ascites: systematic review and guideline for treatment. Eur J Cancer 2006;42:589–97PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 3.
    Covey AM. Management of malignant pleural effusions and ascites. J Support Oncol 2005;3:169–73PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 4.
    Parsons SL, Watson SA, Steele RJ. Malignant ascites. Br J Surg 1996;83:6–14PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 5.
    Runyon BA. Care of patients with ascites. N Engl J Med 1994;330:337–42PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 1. E-medicineGoogle Scholar
  27. 2. Family Practice NotebookGoogle Scholar
  28. 3. Paracentesis, MedStudentsGoogle Scholar
  29. 4. MedlinePlusGoogle Scholar
  30. 1.
    Bain BJ. Bone marrow biopsy morbidity and mortality. Br J Haematol 2003;121:949–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 2.
    Eikelboom JW. Bone marrow biopsy in cytopenic or anticoagulated patients. Br J Haematol 2005;129:562–3PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 3.
    Hodges A, Koury MJ. Needle aspiration and biopsy in the diagnosis and monitoring of bone marrow diseases. Clin Lab Sci 1996;9:349–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 4.
    Hyun BH, Stevenson AJ, Hanau CA. Fundamentals of bone marrow examination. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 1994;8:651–63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 5.
    Parapia LA. Trepanning or threphines: a history of bone marrow biopsy. Br J Haematol 2007;139:14–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 6.
    Wang J, Weiss LM, Chang KL et al. Diagnostic utility of bilateral bone marrow examination. Cancer 2002;94:1522PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 1. MedlinePlusGoogle Scholar
  37. 2. E-medicineGoogle Scholar
  38. 3. WebMDGoogle Scholar
  39. 4. Univ VirginiaGoogle Scholar
  40. 1.
    Bain BJ. Diagnosis from the blood smear. N Engl J Med 2005;353:498–507PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 2.
    Gulati GL, Hyun BH. Blood smear examination. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 1994;8:631–50PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 3.
    Riley RS, Hogan TF, Pavot DR et al. Performing a bone marrow examination. J Clin Lab Anal 2004;18:70–90PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 4. Hematology AtlasGoogle Scholar
  44. 5. BloodlineGoogle Scholar
  45. 1.
    Blaney SM, Poplack DG. New cytotoxic drugs for intrathecal administration. J Neurooncol 1998;38:219–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 2.
    Chamberlain MC. Neoplastic meningitis. J Clin Oncol 2005;23:3605–13PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 3.
    Mercadante S. Controversies over spinal treatment in advanced cancer patients. Support Care Cancer 1998;6:495–502PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 4.
    Roos KL. Lumbar puncture. Semin Neurol 2003;23:105–14PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 1. Lumbar Puncture, MedStudentsGoogle Scholar
  50. 2. E-medicineGoogle Scholar
  51. 3.
    Boersma RS, Jie KSG Verbon A et al. Thrombotic and infectious complications of central venous catheters in patients with hematological malignancies. Ann Oncol 2008;19:433–42PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 4.
    Freytes CO. Indications and complications of intravenous devices for chemotherapy. Curr Opin Oncol 2000;12:303–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 5.
    Higgs ZJC, Macafee DAL, Braithwaite BD et al. The Seldinger technique: 50 years on. Lancet 2005;366:1407–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 6.
    Kuter DJ. Thrombolic complications of central venous catheters in patients. Oncologist 2004;9:207–16PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 7.
    Lee AY, Levine MN, Butler G et al. Incidence, risk factors and outcomes of catheter-related thrombosis in adult patients with cancer. J Clin Oncol 2006;24:1404–8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 8.
    Lubelcheck RJ, Weinstein RA. Strategies for preventing catheter-related bloodstream infections: the role of new technologies. Crit Care Med 2006;34:905–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 9.
    Vescia S, Baumgärtner AK, Jacobs VR et al. Management of venous port systems in oncology: a review of current evidence. Ann Oncol 2008;19:9–15PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 10.
    Verso M, Agnelli G. Venous thromboembolism associated with long-term use of central venous catheters in cancer patients. J Clin Oncol 2003;21:3665–75PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 1. CDC Guidline Catheter InfectionsGoogle Scholar
  60. 2. Practical ProceduresGoogle Scholar
  61. 1.
    Chien JW. Making the most of blood cultures. Tips for optimal use of this time-honored test. Postgrad Med 1998;104:119–24,127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 2.
    De Marie S. New developments in the diagnosis and management of invasive fungal infections. Haematologica 2000;85:88–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. 3.
    Lamy B, Roy P, Carret G et al. What is the relevance of obtaining multiple blood samples for culture? A comprehensive model to optimize the strategy for diagnosing bacteremia. Clin Infect Dis 2002;35:842–50PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 4.
    Mylotte JM, Tayara A. Blood cultures: clinical aspects and controversies. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2000;19:157–63PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 5.
    Weinstein MP. Current blood culture methods and systems: clinical concepts, technology, and interpretation of results. Clin Infect Dis 1996;23:40–6PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 1. WebMDGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupert Engelhardt
    • 1
  • Andrea Engelhardt
    • 1
  • Frank Gärtner
    • 1
  • Stephan Mielke
    • 2
  • Uwe Frank
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Hematology and OncologyUniversity Medical CenterFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav CarusTechnical University DresdenDresdenGermany
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Medicine and HygieneUniversity Medical CenterFreiburgGermany

Personalised recommendations