Group Collaboration and Learning Through Online Assessments: Comparison of Collaborative and Participatory Online Exams

  • Jia Shen
  • Starr Roxanne Hiltz
  • Michael Bieber
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4553)


Online environments are regarded as well constructed to support collaborative and social learning. This research investigates small group collaboration and learning in the context of online exams. Incorporating constructivism and collaborative learning theories, the online Collaborative Exam features students’ active participation in various phases of the exam process through small group activities. The online Participatory Exam features similar processes except that students participate in the exam individually. A large scale field experiment was conducted to compare the two exam structures in terms of learning strategies and exam outcomes. Results show that students in the collaborative exam adopted significantly higher levels of social engagement than those in the participatory exam, learned from other students, and formed a sense of learning community. Areas for future research are briefly discussed.


Group collaboration collaborative exam participatory exam online assessment 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jia Shen
    • 1
  • Starr Roxanne Hiltz
    • 2
  • Michael Bieber
    • 2
  1. 1.New York Institute of Technology (The author will join Rider University in Sept. 2007) 
  2. 2.New Jersey Institute of Technology 

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