Inorganic Nanotubes and Fullerene-Like Structures (IF)

Part of the Topics in Applied Physics book series (TAP, volume 111)

Abstract

Back in 1992 it was proposed that nanoparticles of layered compounds will beunstable against folding and will close up into fullerene-like structures (IF) andnanotubes. In the years that followed nanotubes and fullerene-like structureswere synthesized from numerous compounds with layered structure. Morerecently, crystalline and noncrystalline nanotubes of compounds with a 3D, i.e.,quasi-isotropic lattice have been intensively investigated. In view of their eminentapplications potential, much effort and substantial progress has been achieved inthe scaling-up of the synthesis of inorganic nanotubes and fullerene-likenanoparticles of WS2 and MoS2 and also other compounds. Early on it wassuggested that hollow nano-octahedra consisting of a few hundred MoS2moieties make the true analogs of C60, etc. This notion has been advancedconsiderably in recent years through a combined experimental–theoreticaleffort.Substantial progress has been accomplished in the use of such nanoparticlesfor tribological applications and lately for impact resilient nanocomposites.These tests indicated that IF-MoS2 and IF-WS2 are heading for large-scaleapplications in the automotive, machining, aerospace, electronics, defense, medicaland numerous other kinds of industries. A few products based on thesenanoparticles have been recently commercialized by “ApNano Materials, Inc”(“NanoMaterials, Ltd.”, see also www.apnano.com). Most recently, a manufacturingfacility for the commercialization of these nanomaterials has been erectedand sales of the product started. Novel applications of inorganic nanotubesand fullerene-like nanoparticles in the fields of catalysis; microelectronics;Li rechargeable batteries; medical and optoelectronics will be discussed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Tenne
    • 1
  • M. Remškar
    • 2
  • A. Enyashin
    • 3
  • G. Seifert
    • 3
  1. 1.Department ofMaterials and InterfacesWeizmann InstituteRehovotIsrael
  2. 2.JozefStefan InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Physical ChemistryTechnische Universität DresdenDresdenGermany

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