Preparedness and Coping Strategies for Agricultural Drought Risk Management: Recent Progress and Trends
In many countries, drought is responsible for the greatest loss of agricultural production. For example, in the United States, drought was the predominant source of indemnities paid because of crop losses between 1970 and 2003. These losses totaled more than $15 billion (USDA/RMA). In China during the period from 1949 to 2000, drought affected an average of 21 million hectares. More than 60 million tons of grain was lost in China as a result of the drought of 2000, the highest loss in 51 years (Zhang et al. 2005). Recent droughts in Europe, Brazil, Mexico, Australia, Southern Africa, and many other regions have also resulted in devastating impacts in the agricultural sector. With growing pressure on water and other natural resources because of population increases and other factors, there is an increasing need to reduce both the impacts of drought on agriculture and other sectors and the demand for government- or donor-sponsored drought assistance programs. These programs are costly and largely ineffective in reducing societal vulnerability to future drought episodes.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Brenner E (1997) Reducing the impact of natural disasters: Governors’ advisors talk about mitigation. Council of Governors’ Policy Advisors, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
- Gillette HP (1950) A creeping drought under way. Water and Sewage Works, March, pp 104–105Google Scholar
- Kent RC (1987) Anatomy of disaster relief: the international network in action. Pinter Publishers, New York and LondonGoogle Scholar
- National Drought Policy Commission (2000) Preparing for drought in the 21st century. Washington DC [http://www.fsa.usda.gov/drought/finalreport/accesstoreports.htm]Google Scholar
- Oweis T (2005) The role of water harvesting and supplemental irrigation in coping with water scarcity and drought in the dry areas. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought and water crises: science, technology, and management issues. CRC Press, Boca Raton FL, pp 191–213Google Scholar
- Palmer WC (1965) Meteorological drought. Research Paper No. 45. US Weather Bureau, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
- Risk Management Agency (RMA) (2004) Crop insurance indemnities paid for drought. Personal Communication with James Callan, August 5, 2004. Risk Management Agency, US Department of Agriculture, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
- Saskatchewan Research Council (2003) Canadian droughts of 2001 and 2002: climatology, impacts and adaptations. SRC Publication No. 11602-1E03, Saskatoon SK (unpublished)Google Scholar
- Svoboda M, LeComte D, Hayes M, Heim R, Gleason K, Angel J, Rippey B, Tinker R, Palecki M, Stooksbury D, Miskus D, Stephens S (2002) The Drought Monitor. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 83:1181–1192Google Scholar
- Western Governors’ Association (WGA) (2004) Creating a drought early warning system for the 21st century: the National Integrated Drought Information System. Denver CO [http://www.westgov.org/wga/publicat/nidis.pdf]Google Scholar
- Wilhite DA, Buchanan-Smith M (2005) Drought as a natural hazard: understanding the natural and social context. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought and water crises: science, technology, and management issues. CRC Press, Boca Raton FL, pp 3–29Google Scholar
- Zhang HL, Dan, KL, Zhang SF (2005) Drought and water management: can China meet future needs. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought and water crises: science, technology, and management issues. CRC Press, Boca Raton FL, pp 319–343Google Scholar