Weather and climate and optimization of farm technologies at different input levels

  • Josef Eitzinger
  • Angel Utset
  • Miroslav Trnka
  • Zdenek Zalud
  • Mikhail Nikolaev
  • Igor Uskov

Abstract

Weather and climatic conditions are the most important production factors for agriculture. Farmers within any agroecosystem therefore try to adapt to these conditions as much as possible (Adger et al. 2005; Smit and Yunlong 1996). Farm technologies play a major role in this adaptation process in both the short and the long term. Farm technologies are optimized for different purposes such as maximizing food production or profit. There is an urgent need, however, for such aims to be directed to permit sustainability of food production at the local level, which can be based only on stable agroecosystems (Fig.10.1). This has to be the basic strategy
Figure 10.1

The short and long term impact factors on farm management and its relation to resource management and sustainability of agricultural production

for the long term as important resources for agricultural production such as water, land and soil resources are highly limited in our world. Moreover, these resources are also endangered in many regions by desertification and climate change.

Keywords

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josef Eitzinger
    • 1
  • Angel Utset
    • 2
  • Miroslav Trnka
    • 3
  • Zdenek Zalud
    • 3
  • Mikhail Nikolaev
    • 4
  • Igor Uskov
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of MeteorologyUniv. of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU)WienAustria
  2. 2.Instituto Tecnologico Agrario de Castilla y Leon (ITACYL)ValladolidSpain
  3. 3.Institute of Agriculture Systems and BioclimatologyMendel University of Agriculture and ForestryBrnoCzech Republic
  4. 4.Agrophysical Research Institute (ARI)St. PetersburgRussia

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