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Compound-Specific Isotope Analysis (CSIA) to Characterise Degradation Pathways and to Quantify In-Situ Degradation of Fuel Oxygenates and Other Fuel-Derived Contaminants

  • Mònica Rosell
  • Max M. Häggblom
  • Hans-Hermann Richnow
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC)

Abstract

Isotope fractionation of fuel oxygenates has been employed as an indicator for monitoring in-situ degradation in the field. For quantification of in-situ degradation, the Rayleigh concept can be applied. The selection of an appropriate isotope enrichment factor (ε) that is representative of the biogeochemical conditions governing the microbial degradation process in the field is crucial for quantification. Therefore, the biogeochemistry of contaminated aquifers has to be taken into account in the development of isotope strategies in assessment and monitoring operations. In addition, controlled microcosms studies are needed to determine the extent of isotope fractionation under different conditions. The simultaneous analysis of carbon and hydrogen isotope composition of fuel oxygenates in a two-dimensional isotope approach opens opportunities for analysis of the predominant degradation process in the field and can be used to select an appropriate fractionation factor. In this contribution we summarise the concept of isotope fractionation of fuel oxygenates to assess in-situ degradation with respect to analytical techniques, recent progress on isotope fractionation in laboratory studies, the concept of two-dimensional isotope analysis, and experience from field studies.

Keywords

MTBE ETBE fuel oxygenates CSIA (compound-specific stable isotope analysis) In-situ biodegradation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mònica Rosell
    • 1
  • Max M. Häggblom
    • 2
  • Hans-Hermann Richnow
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Isotope BiogeochemistryHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, and Biotechnology Center for Agriculture and the Environment RutgersThe State University of New JerseyNew JerseyUSA

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