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A Review of the Biology and Conservation of the Amami Rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi)

  • Fumio Yamada

The Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi, Stone 1900) is a monotpypic and unique ancestral rabbit found in the subtropical and tropical zone of southern Japan (Corbet 1983; Yamada and Cervantes 2005). The rabbit is endemic to Amami-Ohshima (712 km2) and Tokuno-Shima (248 km2) islands which originally lacked predatory mammals, in the Ryukyu Archipelago. Both islands are located in the subtropical zone (mean annual temperature of 21°C) with much rainfall (3,000 mm per year). P. furnessi is mainly found in mountainous habitats with a forest cover of 86% on Amami-Ohshima Island, and 44% on Tokuno-Shima Island. It occurs in coastal scarp rocks with cycads and mountain forest with oaks. It ranges from sea level to 694 m on Amami-Ohshima Island, and to 645 m on Tokuno-Shima Island, an altitudinal rage low in comparison with other rabbits found in the tropics. Some biological knowledge on the rabbit has been revealed gradually, however, population size of the rabbit has been decreased rapidly, because of human and invasive species impacts. I reviewed biology and conservation status of the rabbit by surveying recent research data in order to understand the rabbit.

Keywords

Home Range Size Forest Product Research Institute Natural Monument Ryukyu Archipelago Shrub Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumio Yamada
    • 1
  1. 1.Forestry and Forest Products Research InstituteTsukuba-Norin, IbarakiJapan

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