Fluid Analysis

  • Thomas HantschelEmail author
  • Armin I. Kauerauf

On a macroscopic level fluids consist of physically distinct phases which fill empty space in regions with defined boundaries. The amount, composition, and properties of the phases vary with the overall composition of the fluid and external parameters such as pressure, volume, and temperature (PVT). Migration and other sophisticated aspects of basin modeling can only be simulated if the phases and their properties are known. Hence, the subject of this chapter is modeling of phase compositions and properties.


Source Rock Component Parameter Bubble Point Flash Calculation Pseudo Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. R. Battino. Methane, volume 27/28 of Solubility data series. Pergamon Press., 1987.Google Scholar
  2. R. Becker. Theorie der Wärme. Springer–Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 3. Auflage, 1985.Google Scholar
  3. D. F. Bergman and R. P. Sutton. A consistent and accurate dead–oil–viscosity method. SPE 110194, 2007.Google Scholar
  4. A. Danesh. PVT and Phase Behaviour of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids. Number 47 in Developments in petroleum science. Elsevier, 1998.Google Scholar
  5. D. Dexheimer, C. M. Jackson, and M. A. Barrufet. A modification of Pedersen’s model for saturated crude oil viscosities using standard black oil PVT data. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 183–184: 247–257, 2001.Google Scholar
  6. R. di Primio. Private communication, 2008.Google Scholar
  7. R. di Primio and B. Horsfield. From petroleum–type organofacies to hydrocarbon phase prediction. AAPG Bulletin, 90: 1031–1058, 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. R. di Primio and J. E. Skeie. Development of a compositional kinetic model for hydrocarbon generation and phase equilibria modelling: A case study from Snorre field, Norwegian North Sea. In J. M. Cubitt, W. A. England, and S. Larter, editors, Understanding Petroleum Reservoirs: Towards an Integrated Reservoir Engineering, Special Publication, pages 157–174. Geological Society of London, 2004.Google Scholar
  9. R. di Primio, V. Dieckmann, and N. Mills. PVT and phase behaviour analysis in petroleum exploration. Organic Geochemistry, 29: 207–222, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. J. Haas. An empirical equation with tables of smoothed solubilities of methane in water and aqueous sodium chloride solutions up to 25 weight percent, 360 °C and 138 MPa. Open–file rep 78–1004, USGS, 1978.Google Scholar
  11. H. J. M. Hanley, R. D. McCarty, and W. M. Haynes. Equations for the viscosity and thermal conductivity coefficients of methane. Cryogenics, pages 413–417, 1975.Google Scholar
  12. H. J. M. Hanley, W. M. Haynes, and R. D. McCarty. The viscosity and thermal conductivity coefficients for dense gaseous and liquid methane. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 6: 597–609, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. K. Huang. Statistical Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, second edition, 1987.Google Scholar
  14. N. Lindeloff, K. S. Pedersen, H. P. Rønningsen, and J. Milter. The corresponding states viscosity model applied to heavy oil systems. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 43: 47–53, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. J. Lohrenz, B. G. Bray, and C. R. Clark. Calculating viscosities of reservoir fluids from their compositions. Journal of Petroleum Technology, pages 1171–1176, 1964.Google Scholar
  16. W. D. McCain Jr. The Properties of Petroleum Fluids. Pennwell Books, second edition, 1990.Google Scholar
  17. R. D. McCarty. A modified Benedict–Webb–Rubin equation of state for methane using recent experimental data. Cryogenics, pages 276–280, 1974.Google Scholar
  18. J. S. Nelson and E. C. Simmons. Diffusion of methane and ethane through the reservoir cap rock: Implications for the timing and duration of catagenesis. AAPG Bulletin, 79: 1064–1074, 1995.Google Scholar
  19. D. W. Peaceman. Fundamentals of Numerical Reservoir Simulation. Number 6 in Developments in petroleum science. Elsevier, 1977.Google Scholar
  20. K. S. Pedersen and P. L. Christensen. Phase Behavior of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids. CRC Taylor & Francis, 2007.Google Scholar
  21. K. S. Pedersen and A. Fredenslund. An improved corresponding states model for the prediction of oil and gas viscosities and thermal conductivities. Chemical Engineering Science, 42: 182–186, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. K. S. Pedersen, A. Fredenslund, P. L. Christensen, and P. Thomassen. Viscosity of crude oils. Chemical Engineering Science, 39: 1011–1016, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. K. S. Pedersen, Aa. Fredenslund, and P. Thomassen. Properties of Oils and Natural Gases, volume 5 of Contributions in Petroleum Geology & Engineering. Gulf Publishing Company, 1989.Google Scholar
  24. R. C. Reid, J. M. Prausnitz, and B. E. Poling. The Properties of Gases and Liquids. McGraw–Hill Book Company, 4th edition, 1987.Google Scholar
  25. H. P. Rønningsen. Prediction of viscosity and surface tension of north sea petroleum fluids by using the average molar weight. Energy and Fuels, 7: 565–573, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. J. L. Sengers and A. H. M. Levelt. Diederick Korteweg, pioneer of criticality. Physics Today, pages 47–53, 2002.Google Scholar
  27. E. D. Sloan Jr. Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases. Marcel Dekker Inc., second edition, 1998.Google Scholar
  28. J. G. Stainforth. New insights into reservoir filling and mixing processes. In J. M. Cubitt, W. A. England, and S. Larter, editors, Understanding Petroleum Reservoirs: Towards an Integrated Reservoir Engineering, Special Publication, pages 115–132. Geological Society of London, 2004.Google Scholar
  29. P. Ungerer, J. Burrus, B. Doligez, P. Y. Chenet, and F. Bessis. Basin evaluation by integrated two–dimensional modeling of heat transfer, fluid flow, hydrocarbon gerneration and migration. AAPG Bulletin, 74: 309–335, 1990.Google Scholar
  30. C. K. Zéberg-Mikkelsen. Viscosity Study of Hydrocarbon Fluids at Reservoir Conditions. PhD thesis, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 2001.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Integrated Exploration Systems GmbH A Schlumberger CompanyAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations