The Anatomy of the Pelvic Floor and Sphincters

  • Jaap Stoker
  • Christian Wallner
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The pelvic floor supports the visceral organs, is crucial in maintaining continence, facilitates micturition and evacuation and in women forms part of the birth canal. This multifunctional unit is a complex of muscles, fasciae and ligaments that have numerous interconnections and connections to bony structures, organs and the fibroelastic network within fat-containing spaces. A detailed appreciation of the pelvic floor is essential to understand normal and abnormal function. The embryology of the pelvic floor is included to help explain certain anatomical features.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaap Stoker
    • 1
  • Christian Wallner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiology Academic Medical CenterUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy and Embryology Academic Medical CenterUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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