Adaptronic Systems in Biology and Medicine

  • Werner Nachtigall
  • Jörg-Uwe Meyer
  • Thomas Stieglitz


Chapter 9 shows that the idea of adaptronics is also gaining a foothold in non-technical areas. Numerous analogies between biology and engineering are demonstrated with the muscle as a universal biological actuator. Medical applications comprise minimal invasive surgery and adaptive implants, where so-called neural interfaces are applied.


Minimal Invasive Surgery Muscle Spindle Spinal Cord Stimulation Animal Kingdom Functional Electrical Stimulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Werner Nachtigall
    • 1
  • Jörg-Uwe Meyer
    • 2
  • Thomas Stieglitz
    • 3
  1. 1.Universität des SaarlandesSaarbrückenGermany
  2. 2. Head of ResearchDrägerwerk AGLübeckGermany
  3. 3.Laboratory for Biomedical, Microtechnology, Department of Microsystems Engineering University of Freiburg IMTEKFreiburgGermany

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