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Fire-Retardant Mechanisms in Polymer Nano-Composite Materials

  • A. Castrovinci
  • Giovanni Camino
Part of the Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 97)

An overview of the characteristics of nano-particles and of the nanocomposites structure is reported. During combustion, the nano-fillers, accumulating on the surface of the burning polymer, build up an inorganic barrier that reduces the heat and mass transfer between the polymer and the flame. Besides the formation of a protective barrier on the surface of the burning polymer, a catalytic charring action is proposed for the mechanism of fire retardancy of nano-fillers. The evolution of the nano-composites morphology on heating is also discussed.

Keywords

Layer Double Hydroxide Oxidative Dehydrogenation Cone Calorimeter Combustion Behaviour Neat Polymer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Castrovinci
    • 1
  • Giovanni Camino
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Applied Sciences of Southern SwitzerlandGalleria, MannoSwitzerland
  2. 2.Centro di Cultura per l'Ingegneria delle Materie Plastiche (CDCMP)Politecnico di Torino Sede di AlessandriaAlessandriaItaly

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