Soils of the Eastern Galilee and the Golan Heights: Basalt and Pyroclastics Derived Soils


Most of the basalt derived soils are concentrated in the Lower Eastern Galilee and in the Golan Heights. The Lower Eastern Galilee consists of a system of plateaus and basins inclined towards south-west.(Col. Fig. 6.1-1) They descend from an altitude of 300–400 m above MSL in the north-east to close to MSL in the south-west. The plateaus are built of elevated and tilted blocks that are covered with the latest basalt flows (“Cover basalt”) from the Upper Pliocene-Lower Pleistocene. Older basalt flows, from the Miocene, are separated from the cover basalt by continental Neogene formations (Fig. 6.1-1).


Clay Fraction Mediterranean Soil Gradual Boundary Clay Mineral Formation Cover Basalt 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

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