Involving Industry Professionals in Empirical Studies with Students
Empirical studies are often carried out with students because they are viewed as inexpensive subjects for pilot studies. Though the literature has mostly focused on their external validity, we believe that there are a number of other issues that need to be investigated in empirical studies with students. In our past research, we have identified four viewpoints, each of which needs to be taken into account when carrying out successful empirical studies with students: researchers, teachers, students, and industry professionals. Each viewpoint can be seen as a stakeholder of an empirical study with students, with specific and possibly conflicting goals. The stakeholders also have risks from participating in empirical studies, which need to be identified and minimized.