Advertisement

LSP as a Candidate for Dark Matter

  • Athanasios Lahanas
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 720)

Abstract

The most recent observations by the WMAP satellite provided us with data of unprecedented accuracy regarding the parameters describing the Standard Cosmological Model. The current matter-energy density of the Universe is close to its critical value of which 73% is attributed to Dark Energy, 23% to Cold Dark Matter and only 4% is ordinary matter of baryonic nature. The origins of the Dark Energy (DE) and Dark Matter (DM) constitute the biggest challenge of Modern Astroparticle Physics. Particle theories, which will be tested in the next round experiments in large accelerators, such as the LHC, provide candidates for DM while at the same time can be consistent with the DE component. We give a pedagogical account on the DM problem and the possibility that this has supersymmetric origin.

Keywords

Dark Matter Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model Neutrino Masse Cosmic Microwave Background Light Supersymmetric Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. L. Bennett et al., Astrophys. J. Suppl. 148, 1 (2003) [arXiv:astro-ph/0302207]; D.N. Spergel et al., Astrophys. J. Suppl. 148, 175, (2003) [arXiv:astro-ph/0302209].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Colin et al., Astrophys. J 542, 622 (2000).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Yoshida, A. Sokasian, L. Hernquist and V. Springel, Astrophys. J.591, L1 (2003) [arXiv: astro-ph/0312194].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Weinberg, ‘Gravitation and Cosmology’, Principles and Applications of the General Theory of Relativity, (John Wiley & Sons, New York 1972).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E.W. Kolb and M.S. Turner, ‘The Early Universe’, ( Addisson – Wesley, Redwood City, CA, 1990).MATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Perlmutter et al., Astrophys. J 483, 565 (1997);B.P. Schmidt et al., Astrophys. J 507, 46 (1998); A. G. Riess et al., Astron. J. 116, 1009 (1998); P.M. Garnavich et al., Astrophys. J 509, 74 (1998); S. Perlmutter et al., Astrophys. J 517, 565 (1999).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. Binetruy, C. Deffayet and D. Langlois, Nucl.Phys. B 565,269 (2000) [arXiv: hep-th/9905012]; P. Binetruy, C. Deffayet,U. Ellwanger and D. Langlois, Physics Letters B 477, 285 (2000) [arXiv: hep-th/9910219].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Fukuda et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1562 (1998).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    “Searches for the Neutral Higgs Bosons of the MSSM, Preliminary Combined Results Using LEP Data Collected at Energies up to 209 GeV”, The ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL coll. and the LEP Higgs Working Group, http,//lephiggs.web.cern.ch/LEPHIGGS.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Lee and S. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 165 (1977).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Steigman et al., Astron. J 83, 1050 (1978); J. E. Gunn et al., Astrophys. J 223, 1015 (1978).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Goldberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1419 (1983).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Ellis, J. Hagelin, D.V. Nanopoulos, K. Olive and M. Srednicki, Nucl. Phys. B 238, 453 (1984).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Jungman, M. Kamionkowski and K. Griest, Phys. Rept. 267, 195 (1996) [arXiv:hep-ph/9506380].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.B. Lahanas, N.E. Mavromatos and D.V. Nanopoulos, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 12, 1529 (2003) [arXiv:hep-ph/0308251].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    P. Gondolo and G. Gelmini, Nucl. Phys B 360, 145 (1991).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Edsjo and P. Gondolo, Phys. Rev D 56, 1879 (1997), [arXiv:hep-ph/9704361].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J.L. Lopez, D.V. Nanopoulos and K.J. Yuan, Nucl. Phys. B 370, 445 (1992).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A.B. Lahanas, D.V. Nanopoulos and V.C. Spanos, Phys. Rev. D 62, 023515 (2000) [arXiv:hep-ph/9909497].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. Gondolo, L. Edsjö, L. Bergström, P. Ullio and E. Baltz, arXiv:astro-ph/0012234; P. Gondolo, L. Edsjö, L. Bergström, P. Ullio, M. Schelke and E. Baltz, arXiv:astro-ph/0211238, http://www.physto.se/ edsjo/darksusy.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. Belanger, F. Boudjema, A. Pukhov and A. Semenov, arXiv:hep-ph/0405253, micrOMEGAS: Version 1.3.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    K.A. Olive, D.N. Schramm and G. Steigman, Nucl. Phys. B 180, 497 (1981).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. Binetruy, G. Girardi and P. Salati, Nucl. Phys. B 237, 285 (1984).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    K. Griest and D. Seckel, Phys. Rev D 43, 3191 (1991).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Edsjö, M. Schelke, P. Ullio and P. Gondolo, JCAP 04, 001 (2003).ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J.R. Ellis, T. Falk and K.A. Olive, Phys. Lett. B 444, 367 (1998); [arXiv:hep-ph/9810360]; J.R. Ellis, T. Falk, K.A. Olive and M. Srednicki, Astropart. Phys. 13, 181 (2000)[Erratum-lect. Notes phys. 15, 413 (2001)]; [arXiv:hep-ph/9905481]; M. Gomez, G. Lazarides and C. Pallis, Phys. Rev. D 61, 123512 (2000); Phys. Lett. B 487, 313 (2000); J.R. Ellis, K.A. Olive and Y. Santoso, Asrtpart. Phys. 18, 395 (2003) [arXiv: hep-ph/0112113]. A. Djouadi, M. Drees and J. Kneur, JHEP 0108, 055 (2001); S. Mizuta and M. Yamaguchi, Phys. Lett. B 298, 120 (1993) [arXiv:hep-ph/9208251]; R. Arnowitt, B. Dutta and Y. Santoso, Nucl. Phys. B 606, 59 (2001) [arXiv:hep-ph/0102181]; T. Nihei, L. Roszkowski and R. Ruiz de Austri, [arXiv:hep-ph/0206266]; JHEP 0108, 024 (2001); JHEP 0207, 024 (2002); [arXiv:hep-ph/0206266]; R. Arnowitt, B. Dutta and Y. Santoso, Nucl. Phys. B 606, 59 (2001); [arXiv:hep-ph/0102181]; V.A. Bednyakov, H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus and V. Gronewold, Phys. Rev. D 66, 115005 (2002) [arXiv:hep-ph/0208178].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    H.P. Nilles, Phys. Rep. 110, 1 (1984); H.E. Haber and G.L. Kane, Phys. Rep. 117, 75 (1985); A.B. Lahanas and D.V. Nanopoulos: 147, 1 (1987).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    The Joint LEP2 Supersymmetry Working Group, http://lepsusy.web.cern.ch/lepsusy/.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M.S. Alam et al. [CLEO Collaboration], Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2885 (1995), [arXiv:hep-ex/9908023]; K. Abe et al., [Belle Collaboration], Phys. Lett. B511, 151 (2001) [arXiv:hep-ex/0103042 and hep-ex/0107065]; L. Lista [BaBar Collaboration], [arXiv:hep-ex/0110010].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    C. Degrassi, P. Gambino and G.F. Giudice, JHEP 0012, 009 (2000) [arXiv:hep-ph/0009337]; M. Carena, D. Garcia, U. Nierste and C.E. Wagner, Phys. Lett. B 499, 141 (2001) [arXiv:hep-ph/0010003]; P. Gambino and M. Misiak, Nucl. Phys. B 611, 338 (2001); D.A. Demir and K.A. Olive, Phys. Rev. D 65 034007 (2002) [arXiv:hep-ph/0107329]; T. Hurth, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1159 (2003) [arXiv:hep-ph/0212304].Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    G.W. Bennett et al. [Muon g-2 Collaboration], Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 161802 (2004) [arXiv:hep-ex/0401008].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Davier, S. Eidelman, A. Hocker and Z. Zhang, Eur. Phys. J. C 31, 503 (2003) [arXiv:hep-ph/0308213]; K. Hagiwara, A.D. Martin, D. Nomura and T. Teubner, [arXiv:hep-ph/0312250]; J.F. de Trocóniz and F.J. Ynduráin, [arXiv:hep-ph/0402285]; K. Melnikov and A. Vainshtein, [arXiv:hep-ph/0312226]; M. Passera, [arXiv:hep-ph/0411168].Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. Ellis, K.A. Olive, Y. Santoso and V.C. Spanos, Phys.Lett. B 565 (2003) 176–182.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    A.B. Lahanas and D.V. Nanopoulos, Phys. Lett. B 568 (2003) 55 [arXiv:hep-ph/0303130].Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    J.R. Ellis, K.A. Olive, Y. Santoso and V.C. Spanos, Phys. Rev. D 71, 095007 (2005) [arXiv:hep-ph/0502001].Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    J.R. Ellis, K.A. Olive, Y. Santoso and V.C. Spanos, Phys. Lett. B 603, 51 (2004) [arXiv:hep-ph/0408118].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. Baer and C. Balazs, JCAP 0305, 006 (2003) [arXiv:hep-ph/0303114].Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    CDMS Collaboration, arXiv:astro-ph/0405033; G. Chardin et al., [EDELWEISS Collaboration], Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 520, 101 (2004); H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 110, 58 (2002), [arXiv:hep-ph/0206250]; D. Cline, arXiv:astro-ph/0306124; D.R. Smith and N. Weiner, Nucl. Phys. Proc. Suppl. 124, 197 (2003), [arXiv:astro-ph/0208403].Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    U. Chattopadhyay, PASCOS 04 talk, [arXiv:hep-ph/0412168].Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    J. Ellis, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 50, 8 (2006) [arXiv:astro-ph/0504501].Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. Cyburt, J. Ellis, B. Fields and K.A.Olive, Phys. Rev. D 67, 103521 (2003) [arXiv:astro-ph/0211258].Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    J.R. Ellis, K.A. Olive and E. Vangioni, Phys. Lett. B 619, 30 (2005) [arXiv:astro-ph/0503023].Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    M. Bolz, A. Brandenburg and W. Buchmuller, Nucl. Phys. 606, 218 (2001) [arXiv:hep-ph/0012051].Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    J. Ellis, K.A. Olive, Y. Santoso and V.C. Spanos, Phys. Lett. B 588, 7 (2004) [arXiv:hep-ph/0312262].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Athanasios Lahanas
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics Department, Nuclear and Particle Physics SectionUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations