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English Present Perfect Revisited:

A Unified Semantics as a Tense and a Lower-Level Ambiguity Represented in DRT
  • Yoko Mizuta
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3609)

Abstract

In this paper, I propose a systematic account of the semantics of English present perfect (PresPerf) from both empirical and formal perspectives. I incorporate the insights of an extended now (XN) analysis ([1]) into the dynamic semantics framework, DRT ([2]). I demonstrate that PresPerf is licensed by its relation to an XN interval and that different readings are attributed to the specific way that the embedded eventuality interacts with an XN. I provide the semantics of PresPerf compositionally in terms of a general component attributed to have + en and specific conditions attributed to adverbials and verb semantics. In addition, I characterize PresPerf as a tense by showing that the XN interval serves as ”temporal location” ([3]), a determinant of tense. An alleged connection between PresPerf and a perfect state is only entailed in the case of events.

Keywords

Left Boundary Experiential Reading General Component Temporal Perspective Speech Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoko Mizuta
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Informatics, Research Information Research Division, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8430Japan

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