On Validation of Hierarchical Clustering

  • Hans-Joachim Mucha
Part of the Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization book series (STUDIES CLASS)


An automatic validation of hierarchical clustering based on resampling techniques is recommended that can be considered as a three level assessment of stability. The first and most general level is decision making about the appropriate number of clusters. The decision is based on measures of correspondence between partitions such as the adjusted Rand index. Second, the stability of each individual cluster is assessed based on measures of similarity between sets such as the Jaccard coefficient. In the third and most detailed level of validation, the reliability of the cluster membership of each individual observation can be assessed. The built-in validation is demonstrated on the wine data set from the UCI repository where both the number of clusters and the class membership are known beforehand.


Hierarchical Cluster Cluster Membership Individual Cluster Rand Index Cluster Validation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans-Joachim Mucha
    • 1
  1. 1.Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und StochastikBerlinGermany

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