Advertisement

Towards Annotation of Nonverbal Vocal Gestures in Slovak

  • Milan Rusko
  • Jozef Juhár
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5042)

Abstract

The paper presents some of the problems of classification and annotation of speech sounds that have their own phonetic content, phonological function, and prosody, but they do not have an adequate linguistic (or text) representation. One of the most important facts about these "nonverbal vocal gestures" is that they often have a rich semantic content and they play an important role in expressive speech. The techniques that have been used in an effort to find an adequate classification system and annotation scheme for these gestures include prosody modeling and approaches comparing the nonverbal vocal gestures with their verbal (lexical) and body counterparts.

Keywords

Nonverbal vocal gestures non lexical speech sounds paralinguistic speech grunts 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Ružičková, E.: Picture dictionary of gestures (American, Slovak, Japanese, and Chinese). Comenius University Publishing House, Bratislava (2001) ISBN 80-223-1675-X Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Eckert, H., Laver, J.: Menschen und Ihre Stimmen. Beltz Psychologie Verlags Union, Weinheim (1994)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ward, N.: Non-Lexical Conversational Sounds in American English. Pragmatics and Cognition 14(1), 113–184 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Campbell, N.: On the Use of NonVerbal Speech Sounds in Human Communication. In: COST 2102 Workshop, pp. 117–128 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Annotation Schemes for Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication: Some General Issues. Niels Ole Bernsen and Laila Dybkjær COST 2102 Workshop 11-22 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    Benus, S., Gravano, A., Hirschberg, J.: Prosody of backchannels in American English. In: Proceedings of 16th International Coneference of Phonetic Sciences, Saarbrucken (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Silverman, K., et al.: ToBI: a standard for labelling English prosody. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Banff, Alberta, vol. 2, pp. 867–700 (1992)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hirst, D.: Intonation models: towards a third generation. In: Actes du XIIeme Congres International des Sciences phonetiques, 19-24 aout 1991, pp. 305–310. Universite de Provence, Service des Publications, Aix-en-Povence (1991)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Campbell, N., Mokhtari, P.: Voice Quality; the 4th prosodic parameter. In: Proc 15th ICPhS, Barcelona, Spain (2003)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) (December 2007), http://projects.ldc.upenn.edu/MDE/Guidelines/SimpleMDE_V6.2.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milan Rusko
    • 1
  • Jozef Juhár
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Informatics of the Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrotechnical Engineering, Letna 9Technical University KošiceSlovak Republic

Personalised recommendations