Aluminium – Chromium – Iron

iron systems: phase diagrams, crystallographic and thermodynamic data
  • Materials Science International Team, MSIT®
  • Gautam Ghosh
  • Kostyantyn Korniyenko
  • Tamara Velikanova
  • Vladislav Sidorko
Part of the Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV Physical Chemistry book series (volume 11D1)


This document is part of Volume 11 ‘Ternary Alloy Systems: Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data’, Subvolume D ‘Iron Systems’, of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV ‘Physical Chemistry’.

It contains crystallographic and thermodynamic data about the ternary alloy system: Al-Cr-Fe

Landolt-Börnstein home

Volume IV/11D1




iron system crystallographic data lattice parameter Pearson symbol space group thermodynamic data binary systems solid phases invariant equilibria liquidus surface isothermal sections temperature-composition sections experimental methods 


  1. [1932Tai1]
    Taillandier, M.Ch., “Contribution to Al-Fe-Cr Alloys, Part I” (in French), Rev. Metal., 29, 315–325 (1932) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, #, *, 8)Google Scholar
  2. [1932Tai2]
    Taillandier, M.Ch., “Contribution to Al-Fe-Cr Alloys, Part II” (in French), Rev. Metall., 29, 348–356 (1932) (Experimental, 19)Google Scholar
  3. [1934Osa]
    Osawa, A., “X-Ray Analysis of Fe-Al Alloys. The 2nd Report”, Metals & Alloys, 5, 154 (1934) (Crys. Structure, Review)Google Scholar
  4. [1935Gru]
    Grunert, A., Hesselbruch, W., Schistal, K., “On the High Heat-Resistant Cr-Al-Fe Alloys with and without Cobalt” (in German), Electrowaerme, 5, 131–132 (1935) (Experimental, 2)Google Scholar
  5. [1937Bra]
    Bradley, A.J., Lu, S.S., “An X-Ray Study of the Chromium-Aluminium Equilibrium Diagram”, J. Inst. Met., 60, 319–337 (1937) (Phase Diagram, Crys. Structure, Experimental, 8)Google Scholar
  6. [1940Kor1]
    Kornilov, I.I., Mikheev, V.S., Konenko-Gracheva, O.K., “Equilibrium Diagram of the Ternary Fe-Cr-Al System (Preliminary Communication)” (in Russian), Stal', (5/6), 57–59 (1940) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, #, *, 3)Google Scholar
  7. [1940Kor2]
    Kornilov, I.I., “New Heat-Resistant Fe-Cr-Al Alloys with High Electrical Resistance” (in Russian), Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., (5), 751–757 (1940) (Experimental, 15)Google Scholar
  8. [1943Mon]
    Mondolfo, L.F., “Al-Cr-Fe”, in “Metallography of Aluminium Alloys”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 70–71 (1943) (Phase Diagram, Review, #, *, 1)Google Scholar
  9. [1945Kor]
    Kornilov, I.I., “Alloys of Fe-Cr-Al” in “Iron Alloys” (in Russian), Vol. 1, Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, Moscow (1945) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, #)Google Scholar
  10. [1946Kor]
    Kornilov, I.I., Mikheeva, V.S., Konenko-Gracheva, O.K., Mints, R.S., “Equilibrium Diagram of the Ternary System Fe-Cr-Al” (in Russian), Izv. Sekt. Fiz.-Khim. Anal., 16, 100–115 (1946) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, #, *, 48)Google Scholar
  11. [1951Pra]
    Pratt, J.N., Raynor, G.V., “The Al-Rich Alloys of the System Al-Cr-Fe”, J. Inst. Met., 80, 449–458 (1951) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, #, *, 15)Google Scholar
  12. [1953Cas]
    Case, S.L., van Horn, K.R., “The Constitution of Binary and Complex Iron-Aluminium Alloys”, in “Aluminium in Iron and Steel”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 265–278 (1953) (Phase Diagram, Review, #, 19)Google Scholar
  13. [1953Sch]
    Schubert, K., Roesler, U., Kluge, M., Anderko, K., Haerle, L., “Crystallographic Results on Phases with Penetration Bonding” (in German), Naturwissenschaften, 40, 437 (1953) (Crys. Structure, Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. [1954Chi]
    Chinetti, J., “Research on the Formation of Coarse Precipitates in Light Alloys Containing Cr” (in French), Metaux, 29, 151–161 (1954) (Crys. Structure, Morphology, Experimental, 8)Google Scholar
  15. [1955Bla1]
    Black, P.J., “The Structure of FeAl3.I”, Acta Crystallogr., 8, 43–48 (1955) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 17)Google Scholar
  16. [1955Bla2]
    Black, P.J., “The Structure of FeAl3.I“, Acta Crystallogr., 8, 175–182 (1955) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 24)Google Scholar
  17. [1955Tag]
    Tagaya, M., Nenno, S., “The Effect of Al on the σ Formation in Fe-Cr System”, Technol. Repts., Osaka Univ., (5), 149–152 (1955) (Crys. Structure, Morphology, Mechan. Prop., Experimental, 4)Google Scholar
  18. [1958Chu]
    Chubb, W., Alfant, S., Bauer, A.A., Jablonowski, E.J., Schober, F.R., Dickenson, R.F., “Constitution, Metallurgy and Oxidation Resistance of Fe-Cr-Al Alloys”, Batelle Memorial Institute, Columbus (1958) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, #, *, 66)Google Scholar
  19. [1958Tag]
    Tagaya, M., Nenno, S., Kawamoto, M., “Effect of Al on σ Formation in the Fe-Cr System” (in Japanese), Nippon Kinzoku Gakkai Shi, 22, 387–389 (1958) (Crys. Structure, Morphology, Mechan. Prop., Experimental, 4)Google Scholar
  20. [1958Tay]
    Taylor, A., Jones, R.M., “Constitution and Magnetic Properties of Iron-Rich Iron-Aluminium Alloys”, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 6, 16–37 (1958) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Magn. Prop.) as quoted in [1993Oka]ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. [1960Zol1]
    Zoller, H., “The Influence of Zn, Mg, Si, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ti on the Primary Crystallisation of Al7Cr. Part 1–5” (in German), Schweiz. Arch. Angew. Wiss. Techn., 26, 437–448 (1960) (Experimental, Phase Diagram, 20)Google Scholar
  22. [1960Zol2]
    Zoller, H., “The Influence of Zn, Mg, Si, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ti on the Primary Crystallisation of Al7Cr. Part 6–12” (in German), Schweiz. Arch. Angew. Wiss. Techn., 26, 478–491 (1960) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, 33)Google Scholar
  23. [1961Lih]
    Lihl, F., Ebel, H., “X-Ray Examination of the Constitution of Iron-Rich Alloys of the Iron-Aluminium Systems” (in German), Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 32, 483–487 (1961) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 33) as quoted in [1993Oka]Google Scholar
  24. [1961Phi]
    Phillips, H.W.L., “Al-Cr-Fe”, in “Equilibrium Diagrams of Aluminium Alloy Systems. Information Bulletin 25”, Aluminium Development Association, London, 1–78 (1961) (Phase Diagram, Review, 1)Google Scholar
  25. [1968Bul]
    Bulycheva, Z.N., Tolochko, M.N., Svezhova, S.I., Kondrat'ev, V.K., “Influence of Cr on the Ordering of Fe-Al Alloys” (in Russian), Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, Metallofiz., 20, 120–124 (1968) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 9)Google Scholar
  26. [1969Bul1]
    Bulycheva, Z.N., Tolochko, M.N., Svezhova, S.I., Kondrat'ev, V.K., “Change in the Ordering Temperature of Fe3Al on Adding a Third Element” (in Russian), Ukrain. Fiz. Zh., 14(10), 1706–1708 (1969) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Experimental, #, *, 5)Google Scholar
  27. [1969Bul2]
    Bulycheva, Z.N., Kondrat'ev, V.K., Pogosov, V.Z., Svezhova, S.I., Tolochko, M.N., “The Effect of Cr and Co on the Structure and Properties of Ordered Fe-Al Alloys” (in Russian), Sb. Tr. T. N.- Inst. Chern. Met. (Moscow), 71, 55–62 (1969) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Experimental, #, *, 7)Google Scholar
  28. [1969Kal]
    Kallel, A., “Antiferromagnetic Order in the Alloys AlCr2–xFex” (in French), Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci., Paris, 268B, 455–458 (1969) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Magn. Prop., 8)Google Scholar
  29. [1969Mue]
    Müller, F., Kubaschewski, O., “The Thermodynamic Properties and Equilibrium Diagram of the System Cr-Fe”, High Temp.-High Pres., 1, 543–551 (1969) (Phase Diagram, Review, Thermodyn., 34)Google Scholar
  30. [1969Sel]
    Selissky, Ya.P., Tolochko, M.N., “High-Temperature X-Ray Diffraction Study of Fe-Al-Cr, Fe-Al-Mo and Fe-Al-W Alloys” (in Russian), Ukr. Fiz. Zhurn., 14(10), 1692–1694 (1969) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Experimental, #, *, 7)Google Scholar
  31. [1970Koz1]
    Kozheurov, V.A., Ryss, M.A., Pigasov, S.E., Antonenko, V.I., Kuznetsov, Yu.S., Mikhailov, G.G., Pashkeev, I.Yu., “The Fe-Cr-Al Phase Diagram” (in Russian), Sb. Nauchn. Tr. Chel. Polit. Inst., 78, 3–15 (1970) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, Review, #, *, 2)Google Scholar
  32. [1970Koz2]
    Kozheurov, V.A., Ryss, M.A., Pigasov, S.E., Antonenko, V.I., Kuznetsov, Yu.S., Mikhailov, G.G., Pashkeev, I.Yu., “The Phase Diagram of Fe-Cr-Al in the Region of Crystallisation of the Solid Solution from the Melt” (in Russian), Sb. Trud. Chelyab. Elektromet. Kombinata, 2, 69–79 (1970) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, Review, #)Google Scholar
  33. [1970Koz3]
    Kozheurov, V.A., Ryss, M.A., Pigasov, S.E., Antonenko, V.I., “Solubility of Carbon in Melts of Fe-Cr-Al System” (in Russian), Sb. Trud. Chelyab. Elektromet. Kombinata, 2, 62–68 (1970) (Crys. Structure, Phase Relations, Experimental, 9)Google Scholar
  34. [1972Kaj]
    Kajzar, F., Lesniewska, B., Niziol, S., Oles, A., Pacyna, A., Tucharz, Z., “Neutron Diffraction Study of Ordered Arrangement of Fe-Cr-Al Alloys”, Inst. Tech. Jad., AGH Rep., No. 22/PS, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (1972) (Crys. Structure, Experimental)Google Scholar
  35. [1973Cor]
    Corby, R.N., Black, P.J., “The Structure of FeAl2 by Anomalous Dispersion Methods”, Acta Cryst. B, 29, 2669–2677 (1973) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 31)Google Scholar
  36. [1973Wil]
    Willey, L.A., “Al-Cr-Fe Aluminum-Chromium-Iron)” in “Metal Handbook”, 8th Edition, ASM, Metals Park, OH, 382 (1973) (Phase Diagram, Review, *, 3)Google Scholar
  37. [1974Niz]
    Niziol, S., Oles, A., Tucharz, Z., Tyszko, Z., “Crystallographic Ordering and Magnetic Properties of Alloys” (in Russian), Trans. Internat. Conf. on Magnetism, 1973, 2, Nauka, Moscow, 227–231 (1974) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, Magn. Prop., 10)Google Scholar
  38. [1974Vya]
    Vyatkin, G.P., Mishchenko, V.Ya., Povolotskii, D.Ya., “Using the Simplex-Lattice Method for Calculating the Equilibrium Diagram of the Fe-Cr-Al System” (in Russian), Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved. Chern. Metall., (8), 9–12 (1974) (Phase Diagram, Calculation, 4)Google Scholar
  39. [1975Kau]
    Kaufman, L., Nesor, H., “Calculation of Superalloy Phase Diagrams: Part IV”, Met. Trans., 6A, 2123–2131 (1975) (Phase Diagram, Calculation, Thermodyn., Theory, 38)Google Scholar
  40. [1975Lit]
    Litinska, L., Niziol, S., “Crystallographic Structure and Magnetic Properties of (FeCr)3Al Type Phases in Iron-Chromium-Aluminium (Fe0.67Cr0.08Al0.23) Alloys”, Inst. Tech. Jad., AGH Rep., No. 70/PS, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (1975) (Crys. Structure, Magn. Prop., Experimental)Google Scholar
  41. [1975Ohn]
    Ohnishi, T., Nakatani, Y., Okabayashi, K., Bull. Univ. Osaka Prefect., 24, 183–191 (1975) (Phase Diagram, Crys. Structure, Experimental)Google Scholar
  42. [1976Mon]
    Mondolfo, L.F., “Aluminium Alloys: Structure and Properties”, Butterworths, London, 480–481 (1976) (Phase Diagram, Review, *, 38)Google Scholar
  43. [1976Vla]
    Vlasova, E.N., Prokoshin, A.F., “Formation of L21 Superstructure and Stratification in Solid Fe-Cr Solutions Doped with Al and V” (in Russian), Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 231, 599–602 (1976) (Crys. Structure, Morphology, Experimental, 2)Google Scholar
  44. [1977Bra]
    Brandon, J.K., Pearson, W.B., Riley, P.W., Chieh, C., Stokhuyzen, R., “γ-Brasses with R Cells”, Acta Crystallogr., 3B, 1088–1095 (1977) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 16)Google Scholar
  45. [1977Ost]
    Ostrovskii, O.I., Stomakhin, A.Ya., Ditrikh, E., Grigoryan, V.A., “Heats of Dissolution of Aluminium, Silicon and Titanium in the Melts Iron-Chromium and Nickel-Chromium” (in Russian), Seventh International Conference on Calorimetry, (Broadened Abstracts), I-HOP, Chernogolovka (Russia), 59–63 (1977) (Thermodyn., Experimental, 11)Google Scholar
  46. [1977Sim]
    Simensen, C.J., Vellasamy, R., “Determination of Phases Present in Cast Material on an Al-0.5wt.%Fe-0.2wt.%Si”, Z. Metallkd., 68, 428–431 (1977) (Crys. Structure, Experimental) as quoted in [1993Oka]Google Scholar
  47. [1977Tys]
    Tyszko, Z., Oles, A., Niziol, Z., “Structure and Physical Properties of Fe-Cr-Al Alloys” (in French), Cercle d'Etudes de Metaux, 13, 473–492 (1977) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, Phys. Prop., 20)Google Scholar
  48. [1978Bas]
    Bastin, G.F., Van Loo F.J.J., Vrolijik, J.W.G.A., Wolf, L.R., “Crystallography of Aligned Fe-Al Eutectoid”, J. Crys. Growth, 43, 745–751 (1978) (Crys. Structure, Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. [1980Riv]
    Rivlin, V.G., Raynor, G.V., “Critical Evaluation of Constitution of Al-Cr-Fe System”, Int. Met. Rev., 25, 139–157 (1980) (Phase Diagram, Assessment, Review, #, *, 45)Google Scholar
  50. [1980Sch]
    Schuermann, E., Kaiser, H.-P., “Contribution to the Melting Equilibria of Iron-Aluminium and Iron-Phosphorous Alloys” (in German), Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 51, 325–327 (1980) (Phase Diagram, Experimental)Google Scholar
  51. [1981Bro]
    den Broeder, F.J.A., van Tendeloo, G., Amelinckx, S., Hornstra, J., de Ridder, R., van Landgut, J., van Daal, H.J., “Microstructure of Cr100–xAlx Alloys (10 at.% < x < 33 at.%) Studied by Means of Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffraction. II. Discovery of a New Phase”, Phys. Status Solidi A, 67, 233–248 (1981) (Phase Diagram, Morphology, Experimental, 2)ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. [1981Ten]
    van Tendeloo, G., van den Broeder, F.J.A., Amelinckx, S., de Ridder, R., van Landuyt, J., van Daal, H.J., “Microstructure of Cr100–xAlx Alloys (10 at.% < x < 33 at.%) Studied by Means of Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffraction. I. Microstructure of the β-Phase”, Phys. Status Solidi A, 67, 217–232 (1981) (Phase Diagram, Morphology, Experimental, 10)ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. [1982Kub]
    Kubaschewski, O., “Fe-Al” and “Fe-Cr”, in “Binary Iron Phase Diagrams”, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 5–9 and 31–34 (1982) (Phase Diagram, Crys. Structure, Review, #, *, 26, 22)Google Scholar
  54. [1982Nao]
    Naohara, T., Inoue, A., Minemure, T., Masumoto, T., Kumada, K., “Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Electrical Properties of Rapidly Quenched Fe-Cr-Al Alloys”, Metall. Trans. A, 13A, 337–343 (1982) (Experimental, Morphology, Electr. Prop., Mechan. Prop., 10)ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. [1982Yea]
    Yearim, R., Shechtman, D., “The Structure of Rapidly Solidified Al-Fe-Cr Alloys”, Metall. Trans. A., 13A, 1891–1898 (1982) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 14)ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. [1983Bus]
    Buschow, K.H.J., van Engen, P.G., Jongebreur, R., “Magneto-Optical Properties of Metallic Ferromagnetic Materials”, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 38, 1–22 (1983) (Crys. Structure, Magn. Prop., Optical Prop., 23)ADSGoogle Scholar
  57. [1985Okp]
    Okpalugo, D.E., Booth J.G., Faunce, C.A., “Onset of Ferromagnetism in 3d-Substituted FeAl Alloys. I: Ti, V and Cr Substituents”, J. Phys. F, Met. Phys., 15, 681–692 (1985) (Experimental, Morphology, Magn. Prop., 19)ADSGoogle Scholar
  58. [1986Gri]
    Griger, A., Stefaniay, V., Tumezey, T., “Crystallographic Data and Chemical Compositions of Aluminium-Rich Al-Fe Intermetallic Phases”, Z. Metallkd., 77, 30–35 (1986) (Phase Diagram, Crys. Structure, Experimental, 23)Google Scholar
  59. [1987Sau]
    Saunders, N., Rivlin, V.G., “A Critical Review and Thermodynamic Calculations for the Al-Rich Portion of the Al-Cr-Fe Phase Diagram”, Z. Metallkd., 78, 795–801 (1987) (Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Assessment, Calculation, Thermodyn., 36)Google Scholar
  60. [1987Wou]
    van der Woude, F., Schurer, P.J., “A Study of Quasi-Crystalline Al-Fe Alloys by Mössbauer Spectroscopy and Diffraction Techniques”, Canad. J. Phys., 65(10), 1301–1308 (1987) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Moesbauer, 39)ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. [1988Hoc]
    Hoch, M., “Thermodynamic Behavior of Very Stable Binary Compounds with a Wide Homogeneity Range: Their Influence in the Liquid Phase and in the Ternary and Higher Component Systems in the Solid State”, Z. Metallkd., 79, 426–434 (1988) (Phase Relations, Theory, Thermodyn., Calculation, 34)Google Scholar
  62. [1988Man]
    Manaila, R., Florescu, V., Jianu, A., Badescu, A., “Icosahedral Phases in the Al-Fe-Cr Alloys System”, Phys. Status Solidi A, 109, 61–66 (1988) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 15)ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. [1988Sch]
    Schurer, P.J., Koopmans, B., van der Woude, F., “Structure of Icosahedral Al-(M1–xFex) Alloys (M = Cr, Mn, or Fe)”, Phys. Rev. B., 37(1), 507–510 (1988) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 25)ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. [1988Ten]
    van Tendeloo, G., van Landgut, J., Amelinckx, S., Ranganathan, S., “Quasi-Crystals and their Crystalline Homologues in the Al60Mn11Ni14 Ternary Alloys”, J. Microscopy, 149, 1 (1988) (Exeperimental, Crys. Structure, 22)Google Scholar
  65. [1989Ell]
    Ellner, M., Braun, J., Predel, B., “X-Ray Study on Cr-Al Phases of the W-Family”, Z. Metallkd., 80(5), 374–383 (1989) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Experimental, 38)Google Scholar
  66. [1989Law1]
    Lawther, D.W., Dunlap, R.A., Lloyd, D.J., McHenry, M.E., “Structure and Stability of Rapidly Quenched Al86Cr14–xFex Alloys”, J. Mater. Sci., 24, 3076–3080 (1989) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Experimental, 18)ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. [1989Law2]
    Lawther, D.W., Dunlap, R.A., Srivinas, V., “On the Question of Stability and Disorder in Icosahedral Aluminium - Transition Metal Alloys”, Canad. J. Phys., 67, 463–467 (1989) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Experimental, 17)ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. [1989Man]
    Manaila, R., Florescu, V., Jianu, A., Radulescu, O., “On the Transition Metal Quasisublattice in Icosahedral Al-Cr-Fe Phases”, Phil. Mag., B60(5), 589–599 (1989) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 33)Google Scholar
  69. [1990Ioa]
    Ioannidis, E.K, Sheppard, T., “Powder Metallurgy Aluminium Alloys: Characteristics of an Al-Cr-Fe Rapidly Solidified Alloys”, J. Mater. Science, 25, 3965–3975 (1990) (Crys. Structure, Morphology, Experimental, 15)ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. [1991Gho]
    Ghosh, G., “Aluminium-Chromium-Iron”, MSIT Ternary Evaluation Program, in MSIT Workplace, Effenberg, G. (Ed.), MSI, Materials Science International Services GmbH, Stuttgart; Document ID: 10.14873.1.20 (1991) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Assessment, 45)Google Scholar
  71. [1991Pra]
    Prakash, U., Buckley, R.A., Jones, H., “Mechanical Properties of Ordered Fe-Al-X Alloys”, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.: High-Temp. Ordered Intermetallic Alloys IV, 213, 691–696 (1991) (Morphology, Crys. Structure, Mechan. Prop., 19)Google Scholar
  72. [1991Sik1]
    Sikka, V.K., Baldwin, R.H., Reinshagen, J.H, Knibloe, J.R., Wright, R.N., “Powder Processing of Fe3Al-Based Iron-Aluminide Alloys”, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.: High-Temp. Ordered Intermetallic Alloys IV, 213, 901–906 (1991) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Phys. Prop., 4)Google Scholar
  73. [1991Sik2]
    Sikka, V.K., “Production of Fe3Al-Based Intermetallic Alloys”, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.: High-Temp. Ordered Intermetallic Alloys IV, 213, 907–912 (1991) (Experimental, 2)Google Scholar
  74. [1991Tre]
    Tret’yachenko, L.A., Prima, S.B., Petyukh, V.M., “The Polythermal Cr-FeAl Section of the Phase Diagram of the Ternary System Cr-Fe-Al” (in Russian), Diagramy Sostoyaniya v Materialovedenii, Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR. Nauch. Sov. Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR po Probl. Khim. Termodin. i Term. Anal., Kiev, 143–146 (1991) (Assessment, Phase Relations, Phase Diagram, #, *, 4)Google Scholar
  75. [1992Don]
    Dong, C., Dubois, J.M., Kang, S.S., Audier, M., “The Orthorhombic Approximant Phases of the Decagonal Phase”, Philos. Mag., B, 65(1), 107–126 (1992) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 29)ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. [1992Hil]
    Hilpert, K., Miller, M., “Study of the Vaporization of Ni-Cr-Al and Fe-Cr-Al Base Alloys by Knudsen Effusion Mass Spectrometry”, Z. Metallkd., 83(10), 739–743 (1992) (Experimental, Thermodyn., 15)Google Scholar
  77. [1992Wen]
    Wen, K.Y., Chen, Y.L., Kuo, K.H., “Crystallographic Relationships of the Al4Cr Crystalline and Quasicrystalline Phases”, Metall. Trans. A, 23A, 2437–2445 (1992) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 36)ADSGoogle Scholar
  78. [1993Kni]
    Knibloe, J.R., Wricht, R.N., Trybus, C.L., Sikka, V.K., “Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Fe3Al Alloys with Chromium”, J. Mater. Sci., 28, 2040–2048 (1993) (Crys. Structure, Mechan. Prop., Experimental, 8)ADSGoogle Scholar
  79. [1993Oka]
    Okamoto, H., Phase Diagrams of Binary Iron Alloys, Materials Park OH, ASM, 1-475 (1993) (Phase Diagram, Crys. Structure, Review)Google Scholar
  80. [1994Bur]
    Burkhardt, U., Grin, J., Ellner, M., Peters, K., “Structure Refinement of the Iron-Aluminium Phase with the Approximate Composition Fe2Al5”, Acta Cryst. B: Struct.Crystallogr. Crys. Chem., B50, 313–316 (1994) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 9)Google Scholar
  81. [1994Gri]
    Grin, J., Burkhardt, U., Ellner, M., Peters, K., “Refinement of the Fe4Al13 Structure and its Relationship to the Quasidecagonal Homotypical Structures”, Z. Krist., 209, 479–487 (1994) (Crys. Structure, Experimental)Google Scholar
  82. [1994ICD]
    ICDD Powder Diffraction File. International Centre for Diffraction Data, Newtown Square, Pa (1994) (Crys. Structure, Experimental)Google Scholar
  83. [1995Aud]
    Audier, M., Durand-Charre, M., Laclau, E., Klein, H., “Phase Equilibria in the Al-Cr System”, J. Alloys Compd., 220, 225–230 (1995) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, *, 17)Google Scholar
  84. [1995Li]
    Li, X.Z., Dong, C., Dubois, J.M., “Structural Study of Crystalline Approximants of the Al-Cu-Fe-Cr Decagonal Quasicrystal”, J. Appl. Crystallogr., 28(2), 96–104 (1995) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 16)Google Scholar
  85. [1995Sta]
    Stadnik, Z.M., Mueller, F., “Thermal, Structural and Magnetic Properties of Icosahedral Al86Cr8Fe6 Alloy”, Philos. Mag. B, 71(2), 221–238 (1995) (Crys. Structure, Magn. Prop., Experimental, 67)Google Scholar
  86. [1995Sui]
    Sui, H.X., Liao, X.Z., Kuo, K.H., “A Non-Fibonacci Type of Orthorhombic Decagonal Approximant”, Philos. Mag. Lett., 71, 139 (1995) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 18)ADSGoogle Scholar
  87. [1995Zha]
    Zhang, B., Gramlich, V., Steurer, W., “Al13–x(Co1–yNiy)4, a New Approximant of the Decagonal Quasicrystal in the Al-Co-Ni System”, Z. Krist., 210, 498–503 (1995) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 24)Google Scholar
  88. [1995Zia]
    Ziani, A., Michot, G., Pianelli, A., Redjaimia, A., Zahra, C.Y., Zahra, A.M., “Transformation of the Quasicrystalline Phase Al-Cr-Fe Induced by Rapid Solidification”, J. Mater. Sci., 30, 2921–2929 (1995) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Experimental, 27)ADSGoogle Scholar
  89. [1996Jim]
    Jimenez, J.A., Frommeyer, G., “Creep Behavior of Intermetallic Fe-Al and Fe-Al-Cr Alloys”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, A220, 93–99 (1996) (Experimental, Morphology, Mechan. Prop., 18)Google Scholar
  90. [1996Ros]
    Rosell-Laclau E., Durand-Charre, Audier, M, “Liquid-Solid Equilibria in the Aluminium-Rich Corner of the Al-Cr-Ni System”, J. Alloys Compd., 233, 246–263 (1996) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Experimental, 37)Google Scholar
  91. [1997Kog]
    Kogachi, M., Haraguchi, T., “Ordered In Vacancies in B2-Structured Intermetallic Compound Feal”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, A230, 124–131 (1997) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 231)Google Scholar
  92. [1997Pal]
    Palm, M., “The Al-Cr-Fe System - Phases and Phase Equilibria in the Al-Rich Corner”, J. Alloys Compd., 252, 192–200 (1997) (Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Crys. Structure, Experimental, 41)Google Scholar
  93. [1997Rud]
    Rudajevova, A., Shima, V., “Thermal Properties of the Fe3Al5 at.% Cr Intermetallic Compound and Thermal Diffusivity Anomaly in D03 Phase”, Mater. Res. Bull., 32(4), 441–449 (1997) (Experimental, Thermodyn., 15)Google Scholar
  94. [1997Sat]
    Satula, D., Dobrzynski, L., Waliszewski, J., Szymanski, K., Recko, K., Malinowski, A., Brueckel, Th., Schaerpf, O., Blonowski, K., “Structural and Magnetic Properties of Fe-Cr-Al Alloys with D03-Type Structure”, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 169, 240–252 (1997) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Magn. Prop., 29)ADSGoogle Scholar
  95. [1997Sui]
    Sui, H.X., Liao, X.Z., Kuo, K.H., Zou, X., Hovmoeller, S., “Structural Model of the Orthorhombic Non-Fibonacci Approximant in the Al12Fe2Cr Alloy”, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Crystallogr. Crys. Chem., B53, 587–595 (1997) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 41)Google Scholar
  96. [1998Akd]
    Akdeniz, M.V., Mekhrabov, A.O., “The Effect of Substitutional Impurities on the Evolution of Fe-Al Diffusion Layer”, Acta Mater., 46(4), 1185–1192 (1998) (Morphology, Calculation, Experimental, Interface Phenomena, 55)Google Scholar
  97. [1998Ali]
    Aliravci, C.A., Pekgueleryuez, M.O., “Calculation of Phase Diagrams for the Metastable Al-Fe Phases Forming in Direct-Chill (Dc)-Cast Aluminium Alloy Ingots”, Calphad, 22, 147–155 (1998) (Crys. Strucutre, Calculation, Phase Diagram, 20)Google Scholar
  98. [1998Lia]
    Liao, X.Z., Sui, H.X., Kuo, K.H., “A New Monoclinic Approximant of the Decagonal Quasicrystal in Al-Co-Cu-W and Al-Fe-Cr Alloys”, Philos. Mag. A,78(1), 143–156 (1998) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 19)ADSGoogle Scholar
  99. [1998Mur]
    Murray, J.L., “The Al-Cr (Aluminium-Chromium) System”, J. Phase Equilib., 19(4), 368–375 (1998) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Assessment, Calculation, Review, #, *, 43)Google Scholar
  100. [1998Su]
    Su, J.-Q., Gao, S.-J., Hu, Zh.-Q., “The Influence of Chromium and Boron on Mechanical Properties of Fe-30Al Alloy”, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 17, 2021–2023 (1998) (Mechan. Prop., Experimental, 12)Google Scholar
  101. [1998Sun]
    Sun, Z.Q., Yang, W.Y., Shen, L.Z., Huang, Y.D., Zhang, B.S., Yang, J.L., “Neutron Diffraction Study on Site Occupation of Substitutional Elements at Sub Lattices in Fe-Al Intermetallics”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 258, 69–74 (1998) (Crys. Structure, Morphology, Experimental, Mechan. Prop., 19)Google Scholar
  102. [1999Mek]
    Mekhrabov, A.O., Akdeniz, M.V., “Effect of Ternary Alloying Elements Addition on Atomic Ordering Characterisctics of Fe-Al Intermetallics”, Acta Mater., 47(7), 2067–2075 (1999) (Crys. Structure, Calculation, Theory, Electronic Structure, 63)Google Scholar
  103. [1999Sui]
    Sui, H.X., Li, X.Z., Kuo, K.H., “Hexagonal Al81Fe8Cr11 with a = 4.00 nm and c = 1.24 nm”, Philos. Mag. Lett., 79(4), 181–185 (1999) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 10)ADSGoogle Scholar
  104. [1999Wit]
    Wittmann, R., Spindler, S., Fischer, B., Wagner, H. Gerthsen, D., Lange, J., Brede, M., Kloewer, J., Schunk, P., Schimmel, T., “Transmission Electron Microscopic Investigation of the Microstructure of Fe-Cr-Al Alloys”, J. Mater. Sci., 34, 1791–1798 (1999) (Phase Diagram, Experimental, Morphology, Phase Relations, Crys. Structure, 26)Google Scholar
  105. [2000Bla]
    Blachowski, A., Dubiel, S.M., Zukrowski, J., Cieslak, J., Sepiol, B., “On the Kinetics of the σ-α Phase Transformation in an Al-Doped Fe-Cr Alloy”, J. Alloys Compd., 313, 182–187 (2000) (Phase Relations, Experimental, Kinetics, 15)Google Scholar
  106. [2000Dem]
    Demange, V., Wu, J.S., Brien, V., Machizaud, F., Dubois, J.M., “New Approximant Phases in Al-Cr-Fe”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 294–296, 79–81 (2000) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 13)Google Scholar
  107. [2000Mah]
    Mahdouk, K., Gachon, J.-C., “Thermodynamic Investigation of the Aluminium-Chromium System”, J. Phase Equilib., 21(2), 157–166 (2000) (Phase Diagram, Thermodyn., Experimental, *, 26)Google Scholar
  108. [2000Mo1]
    Mo, Z.M., Kuo, K.H., “A Family of Hexagonal Approximants of Decagonal Quasicrystals”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 294–296, 242–245 (2000) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 14)Google Scholar
  109. [2000Mo2]
    Mo, Z.M., Zhou, H.Y., Kuo, K.H., “Structure of ν-Al80.61Cr10.71Fe8.68, a Giant Hexagonal Approximant of a Quasicrystal Determined by a Combination of Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Diffraction”, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Crystallogr. Crys. Chem., 56, 392–401 (2000) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 16)Google Scholar
  110. [2000Sha1]
    Shao, G., Tsakiropoulos, P., “On the ω Phase Formation in Cr-Al And Ti-Al-Cr Alloys”, Acta Mater., 48, 3671–3685 (2000) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 39)Google Scholar
  111. [2000Sha2]
    Shao, G., Nguyen-Manh, D., Pettifor, D.G., Tsakiropoulos, P., “ω-Phase Formation in a Rapidly Solidified Cr-40 at.% Al Alloy”, Philos. Mag. Lett., 80(11), 703–710 (2000) (Crys. Structure, Thermodyn., Experimental, 22)ADSGoogle Scholar
  112. [2000Spi]
    Spindler, S., Wittmann, R., Gerthsen, D., Lange, J., Brede, M., Kloewer, J., “Dislocation Properties of Polycrystalline Fe-Cr-Al Alloys and their Correlation with Mechanical Properties”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, A289, 151–161 (2000) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 27)Google Scholar
  113. [2000Sub]
    Subasic, N., Sundman, B., “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Al-Cr-Fe System and Reassessment of the Al-Cr System”, Proc. Disc. Meet. Thermodyn. Alloys, 42 (2000) (Thermodyn., Abstract, 0)Google Scholar
  114. [2001Alo]
    Al-Omari, I.A., “Structural and Mössbauer Spectroscopic Studies of Fe0.7–xCrxAl0,3 Alloys”, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 225, 346–350 (2001) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 21)ADSGoogle Scholar
  115. [2001Dem]
    Demange, V., Anderegg, J.W., Ghanbaja, J., Machizaud, F., Sordelet, D.J., Besser, M., Thiel, P.A., Dubois, J.M., “Surface Oxidation of Al-Cr-Fe Alloys Characterized by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy”, Appl. Surf. Sci., 173, 327–338 (2001) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 30)ADSGoogle Scholar
  116. [2001Rod]
    Rodriguez, C.A.D., Botta, F.W.J., “High-Energy Ball Milling of Al-Based Alloys”, Key Eng. Mater., 189–191, 573–578 (2001) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 10)Google Scholar
  117. [2001Sch]
    Schoen, C.G., “Order-Disorder Transformation and Diffusion in Ternary bcc Alloys: the Role of Second-Order Boundaries”, J. Phase Equilib., 22(3), 287–290 (2001) (Calculation, Phase Diagram, Thermodyn., 9)ADSGoogle Scholar
  118. [2002Boz]
    Bozzolo, G.H., Noebe, R.D., Amador, C., “Site Occupancy of Ternary Additions to B2 Alloys”, Intermetallics, 10, 149–159 (2002) (Crys. Structure, Calculation, Review, Theory, 27)Google Scholar
  119. [2002Dem1]
    Demange, V., Machizaud, F., Dubois, J.M., Anderegg, J.W., Thiel P.A., Sordelet, D.J., “New Approximants in the Al-Cr-Fe System and their Oxidation Resistance”, J. Alloys Compd., 342, 24–29 (2002) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 20)Google Scholar
  120. [2002Dem2]
    Demange, V., Milandri, A., Weerd, M.C., Machizaud, F., Jeandel, G., Dubois, J.M., “Optical Conductivity of Al-Cr-Fe Approximant Compounds”, Phys. Rev. B, 65, 144205–1 -144205–11 (2002) (Calculation, Crys. Structure, Experimental, Optical Prop., 39)ADSGoogle Scholar
  121. [2002Den]
    Deng, D.W., Kuo, K.H., “Crystal Structure of the b.c.o. Al4(Cr,Ni) Decagonal Approximant”, J. Alloys Compd., 342(1–2), 101–104 (2002) (Crys. Structure, Calculation, Experimental, 18)Google Scholar
  122. [2002Zho]
    Zhou, Z.C., Wie, J.N., Han, F.S., “Influences of Heat Treatment and Grain Size on the Damping Capacity of an Fe-Cr-Al Alloy”, Phys. Status Solidi A, 191(1), 89–96 (2002) (Experimental, Mechan. Prop., Phys. Prop., 14)ADSGoogle Scholar
  123. [2003Rag]
    Raghavan, V., “Al-Cr-Fe (Aluminum-Cromium-Iron)”, J. Phase Equilib., 24(3), 257–258 (2003) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Review, 19)Google Scholar
  124. [2003Zou]
    Zou, X.D., Mo, Z.M., Hovmoeller, S., Li, X.Z., Kuo, K.H., “Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of the ν-AlCrFe Phase by Electron Crystallography”, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. A: Found. Crystallogr., 59, 526–539 (2003) (Crys. Structure, Electronic Structure, Experimental, 24)Google Scholar
  125. [2004Gho]
    Ghosh, G., Velikanova, T., Korniyenko, K., Sidorko, V., “Aluminium - Chromium - Iron”, in “Landolt-Boernstein, Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology (New Series). Group IV: Physical Chemistry”, Ed. W. Martiensen, “Ternary Alloy Systems. Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data”, Vol. 11A1, Effenberg, G., Ilyenko, S., (Eds.) Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 320–350 (2004) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Thermodyn., Assessment, Phys. Prop., 118)Google Scholar
  126. [2004Hua]
    Huang, Y.D., Yang, W.Y., Sun, Z.Q., Froyen, L., “Preparation and Mechanical Properties of Large-Ingot Fe3Al-Based Alloys”, J. Mat. Proc. Tech., 146(2), 175–180 (2004) (Morphology, Experimental, Mechan. Prop., 23)Google Scholar
  127. [2004Wu]
    Wu, D., Baker, I., Munroe, P.R., “The Effect of Substitutional Elements on the Strain-Induced Ferromagnetism in B2-Structured Fe-Al Single Crystals”, Intermetallics, 12(7–9), 851–858 (2004) (Crys. Structure, Morphology, Calculation, Experimental, Magn. Prop., 19)Google Scholar
  128. [2005Dem]
    Demange, V., Ghanbaja, J., Machizaud, F., Dubois, J.M., “About γ-Brass Phases in the Al-Cr-Fe System and their Relationships to Quasicrystals and Approximants”, Philos. Mag., 85(12), 1261–1272 (2005) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 36)ADSGoogle Scholar
  129. [2005Pal]
    Palm, M., “Concepts Derived from Phase Diagram Studies for the Strengthening of Fe-Al-Based Alloys”, Intermetallics, 13(12), 1286–1295 (2005) (Phase Diagram, Review, Mechan. Prop., 81)Google Scholar
  130. [2006Cor]
    Cornish, L., Saltykov, P., Cacciamani, G., Velikanova, T., “Al-Cr (Aluminum - Chromium)”, MSIT Binary Evaluation Program, in MSIT Workplace, Effenberg, G. (Ed.), MSI, Materials Science International Services GmbH, Stuttgart, to be published, (2006) (Phase Diagram, Assessment, 51)Google Scholar
  131. [2006Dem]
    Demange, V., Ghanbaja, J., Dubois, J.M., “Electron Microscopy Study of Approximant Phases in the Al-Cr-Fe System”, Philos. Mag. A., 86(3–5), 469–474 (2006) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Theory, 19)ADSGoogle Scholar
  132. [2006MSIT]
    “Al-Fe (Aluminum-Iron)”, Diagrams as Published, in MSIT Workplace, Effenberg, G. (Ed.), Materials Science International Services, GmbH, Stuttgart; Document ID: 30.10236.1.20, (2006) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, 11)Google Scholar
  133. [Mas2]
    Massalski, T.B. (Ed.), Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, 2nd edition, ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio (1990)Google Scholar
  134. [V-C]
    Villars, P. and Calvert, L.D., Pearson's Handbook of Crystallographic Data for Intermetallic Phases, ASM, Metals Park, Ohio (1985)Google Scholar
  135. [V-C2]
    Villars, P. and Calvert, L.D., Pearson's Handbook of Crystallographic Data for Intermetallic Phases, 2nd edition, ASM, Metals Park, Ohio (1991)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Materials Science International Team, MSIT®
    • 1
  • Gautam Ghosh
  • Kostyantyn Korniyenko
  • Tamara Velikanova
  • Vladislav Sidorko
  1. 1.Materials Science International Services GmbHStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations