Advertisement

Boron – Carbon – Iron

iron systems: phase diagrams, crystallographic and thermodynamic data
  • Materials Science International Team, MSIT®
  • Peter Rogl
Part of the Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV Physical Chemistry book series (volume 11D1)

Abstract

This document is part of Volume 11 ‘Ternary Alloy Systems: Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data’, Subvolume D ‘Iron Systems’, of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV ‘Physical Chemistry’.

It contains crystallographic and thermodynamic data about the ternary alloy system: B-C-Fe

Landolt-Börnstein home

Volume IV/11D1

Introduction

Index

Keywords

iron system crystallographic data lattice parameter Pearson symbol space group thermodynamic data binary systems solid phases invariant equilibria liquidus surface isothermal sections temperature-composition sections experimental methods 

References

  1. [1922Vog]
    Vogel, R., Tammann, G., “On the Ternary System Fe-B-C” (in German), Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chemie, 123, 225–275 (1922) (Experimental, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Mechan. Prop., 3)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [1949Jae]
    Jänecke, E., “C-Fe-B” (in German), Kurzgefasstes Handbuch Aller Legierungen, 679–680 (1949) (Review, 0)Google Scholar
  3. [1952Gla]
    Glaser, F.W., “Contribution to the Metal Carbon-Boron System”, Trans. Amer. Inst. Min. Met. Eng., 194(4), 391–396 (1952) (Experimental, 0).Google Scholar
  4. [1954Car]
    Carroll, K.G., Darken, L.S., Filer, E.W., Zwell, L., “A New Iron Boro-Carbide”, Nature, 174, 978–979 (1954) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, 3).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [1957Nic]
    Nicholson, M.E., “Solubility of Boron in Fe3C and Variation of Saturation Magnetization, Curie Temperature, and Lattice Parameter of Fe3(B,C) with Composition”, Trans-AIME (J. Metals), 209, 1–6 (1957) Google Scholar
  6. [1963Sta]
    Stadelmaier, H.H., Gregg, R.A., “The Ternary Compound Fe23B3C3 in the System Fe-B-C”, (in German), Metall. (Berlin), 17, 412–414 (1963) (Phase Relations, Experimental, 7)Google Scholar
  7. [1965Bur]
    Burylev, B.P., “Activity of B, Mg, and As in Molten Fe-C Alloys”, (in Russian), Izv. Vysh. Uchebn. Zaved., Chern. Metall., 6, 5–9 (1965) (Experimental, Thermodyn., 13)Google Scholar
  8. [1966Kan]
    Kaneko, H, Nishizawa, T., Chiba, A., “Borides and Carbides in the System Fe-B-C” (in Japanese), Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi, 30, 263–269 (1966) (Experimental, Phase Relations, 11)Google Scholar
  9. [1967Bor]
    Borlera, M.L., Pradelli, G., “Solid State Equilibria in the System Fe-B-C” (in Italian), Metall. Ital., 59, 907 (1967) (Experimental, Morphology, Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, 31)Google Scholar
  10. [1967Low]
    Lowell, C.E., “Solid Solution of Boron in Graphite”, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 50, 142–144 (1967) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 5)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [1968Bor]
    Borlera, M.L., Pradelli, G., “On the System Fe-B-C” (in Italian), La Metallurgia Italiana, 60(3), 140–146 (1968) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, 4)Google Scholar
  12. [1971Fom]
    Fomichev, O.I., Zhluktenko, E.I., Katkov, V.F., Spiridonova, I.M., “The Ternary Diagram Fe-Fe2B-Fe3C” (in Russian), VINITI Document N. 3163-71, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 45, 2688–2689 (1971) (Abstract, 0)Google Scholar
  13. [1974Fom1]
    Fomichev, O.I., Katkov, V.F., Kushnereva, A.K., “On the Complex cubic Fe Borocarbide in the Ternary B-C-Fe System”, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 48, 2580 (1974) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, 5)Google Scholar
  14. [1974Fom2]
    Fomichev, O.I., Katkov, V.E., Kushnereva, A.K, “Study of the Carbide Phase in Ternary B-C-Fe Alloys”, Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved., Chern. Met., (3), 119-121 (1974) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, 6)Google Scholar
  15. [1974Has]
    Hasebe, M., Nishizawa, T., “Thermodynamic Analysis of the B-C-Fe Ternary Equilibrium System”, Nihon Kinzoku Gakkaishi, 38(1), 46–54 (1974) (Thermodyn., Calculation, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, 33)Google Scholar
  16. [1975Tve]
    Tverdokhlebova, S.V., Tsikora, I.L., Spiridonova, I.M., “Spectral Analysis of Iron-Boron-Carbon Alloys”, Industrial Laboratory, 41(11), 1657–9 (1975) (Experimental, 4)Google Scholar
  17. [1976Fom]
    Fomichev, O.I., Katkov, V.F., Kushnereva, A.K., “Phase Composition of Alloys Fe-B-C”, Inorg. Mater. (Engl. Trans.), 12(1), 111–112 (1976), translated from Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater., 12 (1), 128-129 (1976) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, 4)Google Scholar
  18. [1978Cam]
    Cameron, T.B., Morral, J.F., “Studies of the Fe-C-B Phase Diagram by Autoradiography”, Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics, Nat. Bur. Standards Washington, DC, USA, Part I, pp. 566 (1978) (Experimental, 0)Google Scholar
  19. [1978Fom]
    Fomichev, O.I., Katkov, V.F., Kushnereva, A.K.: Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 52(9), 1294–1296 (1978), translated from Zh. Fiz. Khim., 52(9), 2240–2243 (1978)(Experimental, Phase Diagram, 6)Google Scholar
  20. [1978Her]
    Herold, U., Köster, U., “Metastable Phases in Extremly Fast Solidified Iron-Boron Aloys” (in German), Z. Metallkd., 69(5), 326–332 (1978) (Experimental, Phase Diagram, Crys. Structure, 27)Google Scholar
  21. [1978Lub]
    Luborsky, F.E., Becker, J.J., Liebermann, H.H., “Replacement of Boron by Carbon in B-C-Fe Amorphous Alloys”, Rapidly Quenched Metals III. Metals Soc. Part II, 249–52 (1978) (Experimental, 3)Google Scholar
  22. [1979Pan]
    Panasiuk, A.D., Oreshkin, V.D., Maslennikova, V.R., “Investigation of Kinetics of Boron Carbide Interaction with Liquid Aluminium, Silicon, Nickel and Iron” (in Russian), Poroshkov. Metall. (Kiev), 199(7), 79–83 (1979) (Experimental, Kinetics, Morphology, Mechan. Prop., 9)Google Scholar
  23. [1979Hat1]
    Hatta, S., Egami, T., Graham, C.D. Jr., “Fe-B-C Amorphous Alloys with Room-Temperature Saturation Induction Over 17.5 kG”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 34(1), 113–115 (1979) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., 12)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. [1979Hat2]
    Hatta, S., Egami, T., “Temperature-Dependence of Magnetization of Amorphous Fe-B-C Alloys”, J. Appl. Phys., 50(3), 1589–1591 (1979) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., 16)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. [1979Lub]
    Lubovsky, F.E., Flanders, P.J., Liebermann, H.H., Walter, J.L.: ‘Effect of Metalloid on Magnetostriction of Fe-B-C and Fe-B-Si Amorphous Alloys”, IEEE Trans. Magn., 15(6), 1961–1962 (1979) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., 13)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. [1980Lub]
    Lubovsky, F.E., Becker, J.J., Walter, J.L., Martin, D.L., “The Fe-B-C Ternary Amorphous Alloys”, IEEE Trans. Magn., 16(3), 521–525 (1980) (Experimental, Phase Relations, Magn. Prop., 21)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. [1981Fom]
    Fomichev, O.I., Katkov, V.F., Kushnereva, A.K., Brekharya, G.P., “Study of the Ternary Phase in the System Fe-B-C”, (in Russian) Inorg. Mater. (Engl. Trans.), 12(1), 111–112 (1976) Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved., Chern. Met., (1), 101-103 (1981)(Experimental, Crys. Structure, 4).Google Scholar
  28. [1981Lin]
    Lin, S.T., Jang, L.Y., Chou, L.S., “Mössbauer Study of Fe-B-C and Fe-B-Si Amorphous Alloys”, Solid State Commun., 38(9), 853–857 (1981) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., 10)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. [1981Mir]
    Miroshnichenko, I.S., Spektor, E.Z., Bashev, V.F., “Structure of Fe-B and Fe-C-B Alloys in Liquid and Amorphous States” (in Russian), Metallofizika, 3(4), 111–131, (1981) (Experimental, 10)Google Scholar
  30. [1981Nis]
    Nishizawa, T., Hasebe, M., “Computer Calculation of Phase Diagrams of Iron Alloys” (in Japanese), Tetsu to Hagane, 67(1), 2086–2097 (1981) (Review, Thermodyn., Phase Diagram, 110)Google Scholar
  31. [1982Kha]
    Khan, Y., Kneller, E., Sostarich, M., “The Phase Fe3B”, Z. Metallkd., 73(10), 624–626 (1982) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, 13)Google Scholar
  32. [1983Bus]
    Buschow, K.H.J., van Engen, P.G., Jongebreur, R., “Magneto-Optical Properties of Metallic Ferromagnetic Materials”, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 38, 1–22 (1983) (Magn. Prop., Optical Prop., 23)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [1984Maj]
    Majumdar, A.K., Üffinger, G., “Effect of Carbon Substitution on the Specific Heat of Fe80B20–xCx (0 ≤⊊x ≤⊊8)”, Solid State Commun., 51(12), 967–969 (1984) (Experimental, Thermodyn., 11)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. [1985Smi]
    Smid, I., Rogl, P., “Phase Equilibria and Structural Chemistry in Ternary Systems: Transition Metal - Boron - Nitrogen”, Proceedings of the 11th Intl. Plansee Seminar, Vol. 2, Bildstein, H., Ortner, H., (Eds.), Verlag Tyrolia, Innsbruck, Austria, 1029–1035 (1985) (Experimental, Phase Relations, 17)Google Scholar
  35. [1985Sch]
    Schürmann, E., Shao-Xiong,, Li, “Investigation of the Liquid Equilibria in the Ternary System Fe-B-C” (in German), Giessereiforschung, 37(4), 121–129 (1985) (Experimental, Phase Diagram, 18)Google Scholar
  36. [1986Rag]
    Raghavan, V., Ghosh, G., “The Boron-Carbon-Iron System”, J. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 2(2), 77–92 (1986) (Review, Phase Diagram, Crys. Structure, 41)Google Scholar
  37. [1986Smi]
    Smid, I., Rogl, P., “Phase Equilibria and Structural Chemistry in Ternary Systems: Transition Metal - Boron - Nitrogen”, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. No. 75, Ch. 4, Adam Hilger Ltd., 249-257 (1986) (Experimental, Phase Diagram, Crys. Structure, 17)Google Scholar
  38. [1987Isa]
    Isakov, M.G., Prusakov, G.M., Shcherbedinskii, G.V., “Kinetics of Boride Growth in Fe-B and Fe-B-C Systems”, Russ. Metall., (1), 182-189 (1987) (Experimental, Kinetics, 8)Google Scholar
  39. [1987Mal]
    Malinochka, Y.N., Koval’chuk, G.Z., Yarmosh, V.N., Shmelev, Yu.S., Garmash, L.I., “Structure and Phase Composition of Eutectic in Fe-C-B and Fe-C-B-Cu Alloys with a Low Boron Content”, Russ. Metall., 6,178–181 (1987) translated from Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Met., 6, 174-177 (1987) (Experimental, 4)Google Scholar
  40. [1987Sud]
    Sudzuki, K., Fujimori, H., Mosumoto, K., “Amorphous Metals” (in Russian), Metallurgiya, Moscow, (1987) as quoted by [1994Wit]Google Scholar
  41. [1987Spi]
    Spiridonova, I.M., “Effect of Cooling Rate on the Structure and Properties of Fe-B-C Alloys”, Metal Science and Heat Treatment, 29(9–10), 699–671 (1987) (Experimental, 3)Google Scholar
  42. [1987Zha]
    Zhang, Y.D., Budnick, J.I., Sanchez, F.H., Hines, W.A., Yang, D.P., Livingston, J.D., “NMR-studies in Orthorhombic Fe3B1xCx (0.1 β≤x β≤0.4)”, J. Appl. Phys., 61(8), 4358–4360 (1987) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, 17)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. [1988Hor]
    Hornbogen, E, Staniek, S, “The Origin of the 3-Zone Structure at the Surface of Laser Melted Eutectic Fe-B-C Alloys”, Z. Metallkd., 79(6), 375–380 (1988) (Experimental, 6)Google Scholar
  44. [1988Oht]
    Ohtani, H., Hasche, M., Ishida, K., Nishizawa, T., “Calculation of Fe-B-C Ternary Phase Diagram”, Trans. Iron Steel Inst. Japn., 28, 1043–1050 (1988) (Thermodyn., Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, 30)Google Scholar
  45. [1988Roy]
    Roy, S.B., Nigam, A.K., Chandra, G., Majumdar, A.K., “Electrical Resistivity and Magnetoresistance in Fe-B-C Amorphous Alloys”, J. Phys. F (Metal Physics), 18(12), 2625–2633 (1988) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., Electr. Prop., 30)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. [1989Bra]
    Brakman, C.M., Gommers, A.W.J., Mittemeijer, E.J., “Boriding of Fe and Fe-C, Fe-Cr and Fe-Ni Alloys: Boride-Layer Growth Kinetics”, J. Mater. Res., 4(6), 1354–1370 (1989) (Experimental, Kinetics, Morphology, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 25)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. [1989Tur]
    Turov, Y.V., Khusid, B.M., Voroshin, L.G., Khina, B.B., Kozlovskii, I.L., “Structure Formation in Sintering Iron-Boron Carbide Powder Composite”, translated from Poroshkov. Metall. (Kiev), 6, 25–31 (1991) (Experimental, 6)Google Scholar
  48. [1990Ase]
    Aselage, T.L., Tallant, D.R., Gieske, J.H., “Preparation and Properties of Icosahedral Borides”, in “The Physics and Chemistry of Carbides, Nitrides and Borides”, Freer, R. (Ed.)Proc. NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Manchester, U.K. Sept. 1989, published as ASI-Series, Series E: Applied Sciences, Vol. 185, Kluwer Acad. Publ., Dordrecht (1990)97–111 (Crys. Structure, Review, Experimental, 14)Google Scholar
  49. [1991Kha]
    Khan, Y., Wibbeke, H., “Formation of the τ-Phase in the Fe-B Alloys”, Z. Metallkd., 82(9), 703–705 (1991) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, 6)Google Scholar
  50. [1991Kan]
    Kano, M., Tanimoto, I., “Wear Mechanism of High Wear-Resistana Materials for Automotive Valve Trains”, Wear, 151(2), 229–243 (1991) (Abstract, Mechan. Prop., 14)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [1992Ge]
    Ge, S.H., Mao, M.X., Chen, G.L., Chen, Z.H., Zhang, C.L., Zhang, Y.D., Hines, W.A., Budnick, J.I., “Effect of Short-range Order on the Magnetic Properties of Fe-B-C Amorphous Alloys: NMR and Magnetization Measurements”, Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter, 45(9), 4695–4699 (1992) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., 16)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. [1992Rog]
    Rogl, P., “The System B-N-Fe” in“Phase Diagrams of Ternary Boron Nitride and Silicon Nitride Systems,”, Rogl, P. Schuster, J.C., (Eds.), ASM, Materials Park, OH 1992, 33–36 (Crys. Structure, Thermodyn., Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Experimental, Review, 9)Google Scholar
  53. [1993Lev]
    Levin, D.M., Kanunnikova, I.Yu., “Influence of Boron on Parameters of Impurity Pinning for Dislocations in Low-Carbon Iron”, Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci. Physics, 57(11), 1937–1940 (1993) (Experimental, 11)Google Scholar
  54. [1993Wer]
    Werheit, H., Kuhlmann, U., Laux, M., Lundstrm, T., “Structural and Electronic Properties of Carbon-Doped β-Rhombohedral Boron”, Phys. Stat. Sol., B179 489–511 (1993) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 51)ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. [1994Mao]
    Mao, M.X., Ge, S.H., Chen, Z.H., Chen, G.L., Zhang, C.L., Zhang, Y.D., Hines, W.A., Budnick, J.I., “Development of Short-range Order in Fe-B-C Amorphous Alloys With Thermal Treatment - an NMR Study”, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 138(3), 301–306 (1994) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, 20)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  56. [1994McH]
    McHale, A.E., “B-C-Fe”in “Phase Equilibria Diagrams, Phase Diagrams for Ceramists,” 10, 181–182 (1994) (Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, 2)Google Scholar
  57. [1994Wit]
    Witusiewisz, V.T., “Thermodynamic Properties of Liquid Alloys of 3d Transition Metals with Metalloids (Silicon, Carbon and Boron)”, J. Alloys Compd., 203, 103–116 (1994) (Thermodyn., 89)Google Scholar
  58. [1994Ter]
    Terry, B.S., Chinyamakobvu, O.S., “Assessment of B4C Reaction with Liquid Iron Alloys”, J. Mater. Sci., 29, 464–467 (1994) (Experimental, 6)Google Scholar
  59. [1995Hal]
    Hallemans, B., Wollants, P., Roos, J.R., “Thermodynamic Assessment of the Fe-Nd-B Phase Diagram”, J. Phase Equilib., 16(2), 137–149 (1995) (Calculation, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 41)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. [1995Rab]
    Rabitsch, K., Sitte, R., Ebner, R., Jeglitsch, F., “Solidification Behavior in Extremely Fast Solidified Fe-Cr-B-C Alloys”, Prakt. Metallographie, Sonderband, 26, 545–556 (1995) (Experimental, Theory, 15)Google Scholar
  61. [1995Hua]
    Huang, X.M., Ischak, W.G., Fukuyama, H., Fujisawa, T., Yamauchi, C., “Activities of Fe-B-N and Fe-C-B Systems by Interstitial Solution Theory” (in Japanese), Tetsu to Hagane (J. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn.), 81(11), 1049–1054 (1995) (Experimental, Thermodyn., 23)Google Scholar
  62. [1995Vil]
    Villars, P., Prince, A., Okamoto, H., “Handbook of Ternary Alloys Phase Diagrams”, Vol. 5, ASM International, Materials Park, Ohio, USA (1995) (Phase Diagam, Crys. Structure, Review, 7).Google Scholar
  63. [1996Spi]
    Spiridonova, I.M., Sukhovaya, E.V., Balakin, V.F., “Structure and Deformation Peculiarities of Fe(B,C) Crystals”, Metallurgiya, 35(2), 65–67 (1996) (Experimental, Crys. Structure, 8)Google Scholar
  64. [1998Bam]
    Bamberger, M., “Laser Surface Hardening of Structural Ferrous Alloys”, Int. Mater. Rev., 43(5), 189–203 (1998) (Review, 66)Google Scholar
  65. [1999Yam]
    Yamashita, T., Matsuzaki, A., Takajo, S., Hasebe, M., “Precipitation Behaviours of Cementite in Fe-0.8 mass% C-0.1 mass% B Alloy” (in Japanese), J. Jpn. Inst. Met., 63(6), 708–716 (1999) (Calculation, Phase Relations, 9)Google Scholar
  66. [2000Sel]
    Selcuk, B., Ipek, R., Karamis, M.B., Kuzucu, V., “An Investigation on Surface Properties of Treated Low Carbon and Alloyed Steels (Boriding and Carburizing)”, J. Mat. Proc. Tech., 103(2), 310–317 (2000) (Experimental, Mechan. Prop., Morphology, 13)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. [2001Fen]
    Fenstad, J., Tuset, J.Kr., “The Binary Diagrams within the System Fe-Mn-C-O, and the Thermal Properties of Elemental Manganese”, INFACON 9: Proceedings of the International Ferro-Alloys Congress, June 2001, Quebec, Canada, 9, (2001) (Experimental, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 25)Google Scholar
  68. [2002Ge]
    Ge, C.L., Ye, R.C., “Research on Self-propagating Eutectic Boriding”, J. Mat. Proc. Tech., 124(1–2), 14–18 (2002) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Mechan. Prop., Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, 9)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. [2002Gop]
    Gopalakrishnan, P., Snankar, P., Palaniappa, M., Ramakrishnan, S.S., “Interrupted Boriding of Medium-Carbon Steels”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 33(5), 1475–1485 (2002) (Phase Diagram, 34).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. [2003Abe]
    Abenojar, J., Velasco, F., Martinez, M.A., “Influence of Carbon and Aluminium Additions on the Fe-10% B (wt.) System”, J. Mat. Proc. Tech., 143–144, 28–23 (2003) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Morphology, Phase Relations, 10)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. [2003Abe]
    Abe, T., Onodera, H., “Effect of Boron Addition on Strain Aging Properties of Ferritic Steels”, Tetsu to Hagane (J. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn.), 89(3), 357–361 (2003) (Experimental, Mechan. Prop., 29)Google Scholar
  72. [2004Mar]
    Martini, C., Palombarini, G., Carbuciccio, M., “Mechanism of Thermochemical Growth of Iron Borides on Iron”, J. Mater. Sci., 39(3), 933–937 (2004) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Kinetics, Morphology, Phase Relations, 19)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  73. [2006Kul]
    Kulka, M., Pertek, A., Klimek, L., “The Influence of Carbon Content in the Borided Fe-alloys on the Microstructure of Iron Borides”, Mater. Charact., 56(3), 232–240 (2006) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Morphology, Phase Relations, 12)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. [Mas2]
    Massalski, T.B. (Ed.), Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, 2nd edition, ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio (1990)Google Scholar
  75. [V-C]
    Villars, P. and Calvert, L.D., Pearson's Handbook of Crystallographic Data for Intermetallic Phases, ASM, Metals Park, Ohio (1985)Google Scholar
  76. [V-C2]
    Villars, P. and Calvert, L.D., Pearson's Handbook of Crystallographic Data for Intermetallic Phases, 2nd edition, ASM, Metals Park, Ohio (1991)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Materials Science International Team, MSIT®
    • 1
  • Peter Rogl
  1. 1.Materials Science International Services GmbHStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations