Politics and Water Management: A Palestinian Perspective

  • Marwan Haddad


This chapter examines the notion that politics is a significant if not the prime factor that influences on-the-ground realities of water use, sanitation, and water resource development in Palestine. Israeli water politics in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) were based on the goal of controlling Palestinian land and resources and forcing Palestinians to leave the country. They were characterized by four main steps: to use military overpower and unilateral actions to set and create new on ground realities that constitute the new negotiating basis, to enact laws and military orders that will help strengthen control and oversee what was taken by military force, set policy on the future directions and actions to be taken to fulfill the main objective of controlling Palestinian land and resources and implement through the establishment of institutions that control on ground the forced new reality. Continuing the past and present Israeli approaches will result in serious harm to both people with different proportions and scales. To achieve a long lasting just peace between the two sides based on unified national rights, human values, and mutual living is the solution. A joint Palestinian Israeli water utility operating and serving both people along this line is considered to be a highly feasible option for resolving the water conflict.


Water politics water management water rights Palestine Israel 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abdel-Salam, A., 1990: “Water in Palestine”, in: The Geographic Studies, Palestine Encyclopedia (Arabic) vol. 1, Part II (Beirut, Lebanon: Institute for Palestinian Studies): 114–116.Google Scholar
  2. Ali, M., 1964: “Jordan River and the Zionist Conspiracy” (Cairo: National Publishing and Printing House): 54.Google Scholar
  3. Dillman, J., 1989: “Water Rights in the Occupied Territories”, in: Journal of Palestine Studies, 19,2 (autum): 46–48.Google Scholar
  4. Haddad, M., 1993: “Disposal Of Wastewater In The Occupied Palestinian Territories” [in Arabic], in: Shu’un Tanmawiyyeh, 3,11 (September): 95–103.Google Scholar
  5. Haddad, M., 1998: “Planning Water Supply Under Complex and Changing Political Conditions: Palestine as a Case Study”, in: Water Policy Journal, 1: 177–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Haddad, M., 2005: “Future Water Institutions in Palestine”. In: Water Policy Journal, 7,2: 181–200.Google Scholar
  7. Labady, A., 1989: “Zionist Ideology and Israel’s Water Strategy”. Paper Presented at the Seminar on Rural Development in the Occupied Palestinian Territory Amman 25–27 September 1989: 12.Google Scholar
  8. OSLO B, 1995: Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Appendix II Annex III, Article 40, Washington DC, 28 December 1995; at: <>.Google Scholar
  9. PCBS [Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics], 2003: “Press Conference about the Results of Local Community Survey in the Palestinian Territory” (Ramallah-Palestine: PCBS, September)Google Scholar
  10. PCBS [Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics], 2004: “Demographic and Social Consequences of the Separation Barrier on the West Bank” (Ramallah-Palestine: PCBS)Google Scholar
  11. Schmida, L., 1984: “Israel’s Drive for Water”, in: The Link, 17,4 (November): 3.Google Scholar
  12. Sennott C., 1998. “Water Rights At Heart Of Arab-Israeli Strife”, in: Boston Sunday Globe, 18 October 1998.Google Scholar
  13. League of Nations, 1945: The Mandates System: Origin-Principles-Application. Series of League of Nations Publications, No. Lon/1945.Vi.A.1 of 30 April 1945; at: <>.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marwan Haddad
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringAn-Najah National UniversityNablusPalestine

Personalised recommendations