Advertisement

Water as a Human Right: Understanding of Water in the Arab Countries of the Middle East

  • Simone Klawitter
  • Hadeel Qazzaz

Abstract

The international community has affirmed the human right to water in a number of international treaties, declarations and other documents. Most notably, the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights adopted in November 2002 a general comment on the right to water setting out international standards and obligations relating to the right to water. Based on the UN concept of water as a human right for selected Arab countries in the Middle East (Egypt, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon)1 it is analyzed if and to what extent these concepts are acknowledged. The paper aims to identify the scale of knowledge of and commitment to the UN concept in the region and is meant to identify the main areas of concern in each country regarding water as a human right. The paper summarizes the main challenges facing strategic and coordinated action towards the UN concept of water as a human right, identifies what types of processes and institutions need to be developed to meet the challenges of the concept and provides best practice examples from countries that have shown innovation. Objectives and priority ideas for activities of NGOs are recommended

Keywords

Human right Lebanon Egypt Palestine Jordan UN Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AWWA [American Water Works Association], 2000: Principles of water rates and fees. Manual of water supply practices (city: AWWA).Google Scholar
  2. Häusermann, J., 1997: Rights and Humanity, A Human Rights Approach to Development. Discussion Paper commissioned by DFID in preparation of the UK Government’s White Paper on International Development.Google Scholar
  3. Howard, G.; Bartram J., 2003: Domestic water quantity, service level and health (Geneva: World Health Organization).Google Scholar
  4. UN [United Nations], 1993: Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, A/CONF.157/23 (Vienna: UN, 12 July).Google Scholar
  5. UN [United Nations], 2002a: Relationship between the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights and the promotion of the realization of the right to drinking water supply and sanitation. Report of Mr. El Hadji Guissé, Special Rapporteur on the Right to Drinking Water Supply And Sanitation (E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/10).Google Scholar
  6. UN [United Nations], 2002b: The right to water. General Comment No. 15 of the Economic and Social Council, (New York: UN, ECOSOC).Google Scholar
  7. WaterAid, 1999: The right to water, sanitation and hygiene and the human rights-based approach to development. Water Aid Briefing paper, prepared by Belinda U. Callaguas; see also at: <http://www.righttowater.org.uk/>.Google Scholar
  8. WHO [World Health Organization], 1997: WHO Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality (Geneva: WHO, 154503 8,); see at: <http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/guidelines2/en/>.Google Scholar
  9. WHO [World Health Organization], 2003: The right to water. Health and human rights publication series; no. 3, ISBN 92 4 159056 4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simone Klawitter
    • 1
  • Hadeel Qazzaz
    • 2
  1. 1.Water Sanitation Livelihoods and Institutions BuildingBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Arab Middle East OfficeHeinrich-Boell-Foundation (hbf)Jerusalem

Personalised recommendations