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Diseases of the Posterior Segment by HSV, VZV, and CMV

  • Lutz L. Hansen

Abstract

Posterior herpes disease is rare in immunocompetent patients, yet it occurs in up to 40% of individuals with late stages of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection with severe immune suppression, and is then almost exclusively caused by the cytomegalovirus (CMV). It then follows, that the posterior part of the eye is much more often infected by the β subgroup of herpes viruses (CMV) than by α-herpes viruses (HSV, VZV). CMV retinitis is currently one of the most frequent single causes of posterior infection, at least in regions with high incidence of HIV, and with no access to modern antiretroviral treatment.

Keywords

Retinal Detachment Anterior Uveitis Posterior Uveitis Varicella Zoster Virus Infection Acute Retinal Necrosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lutz L. Hansen
    • 1
  1. 1.Head of Retinology SectionUniversity Eye HospitalFreiburgGermany

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