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Brain Plasticity and fMRI

  • B. Thomas
  • C. Sage
  • M. Eyssen
  • S. Kovacs
  • R. Peeters
  • S. Sunaert
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

Plasticity is the collective term used for a number of mechanisms that lead to molecular and/or structural alterations of an organism. These changes occur throughout life during learning processes, novel experiences as well as in response to injury. This chapter consists of a review of functional magnetic resonance imaging findings on plasticity phenomena occurring in response to brain injury, epilepsy, and congenital lesions. First, in a brief introduction to the phenomenon ‘plasticity’, a number of factors influencing plasticity phenomena and recovery from brain injury are discussed. Next, we discuss the occurrence of plasticity phenomena in a number of diseases. In the section on plasticity phenomena in patients with brain Tumors, both preoperative and postoperative plastic changes are considered, with a focus on the motor system. The section on plasticity phenomena in patients with epilepsy is mainly focused on the lateralization (or dominance) of language in these patients.

Keywords

Supplementary Motor Area Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Brain Plasticity Language Dominance Language Lateralization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Thomas
    • 1
  • C. Sage
    • 2
  • M. Eyssen
    • 2
  • S. Kovacs
    • 2
  • R. Peeters
    • 2
  • S. Sunaert
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologySree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and TechnologyTrivandrum, KeralaIndia
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity Hospital of the Catholic University of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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