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Studies of the spread of non-radioactive pollutants in the Arctic using the generic model system (GMS)

  • Ola M. Johannessen
  • Vladimir A. Volkov
  • Lasse H. Pettersson
  • Vladimir S. Maderich
  • Mark J. Zheleznyak
  • Yongqi Gao
  • Leonid P. Bobylev
  • Andrey V. Stepanov
  • Ivan A. Neelov
  • Viktor P. Tishkov
  • Sven P. Nielsen
Chapter
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

The Arctic Ocean is threatened with contamination not only from the spread of radionuclides (Chapters 1, 3, and 4) but also by other toxic pollutants—for example, persistent organic pollutants (POPs), petroleum hydrocarbons, and heavy metals (AMAP, 2004, 2009)—see also the latter sections in Chapter 1. Although the levels of many POPs have recently declined in the Arctic environment (AMAP, 2009), “legacy” POPs contaminate the Arctic largely as a result of past use and emissions, and emerging and current-use POPs have the potential to transport to and accumulate in the Arctic. Significant increases in oil exploration on Arctic shelf seas and its transportation are foreseen for the near future (AMAP, 2007). These activities will lead to increased risks of oil contamination of the cold Arctic environment, including ice-covered waters.

Keywords

Arctic Shelf Arctic Environment Generic Model System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd, Chichester, UK 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ola M. Johannessen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vladimir A. Volkov
    • 3
  • Lasse H. Pettersson
    • 1
  • Vladimir S. Maderich
    • 4
  • Mark J. Zheleznyak
    • 4
  • Yongqi Gao
    • 1
  • Leonid P. Bobylev
    • 3
  • Andrey V. Stepanov
    • 5
  • Ivan A. Neelov
    • 3
    • 6
  • Viktor P. Tishkov
    • 5
  • Sven P. Nielsen
    • 7
  1. 1.Mohn-Sverdrup Center and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing CenterBergenNorway
  2. 2.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing CenterSt PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Mathematical Machines and System ProblemsKievUkraine
  5. 5.V. G. Khlopin Radium InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia
  6. 6.Arctic and Antarctic Research InstituteSt PetersburgRussia
  7. 7.Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable EnergyTechnical University of DenmarkRoskildeDenmark

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