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Generic model system (GMS) for simulation of radioactive spread in the aquatic environment

  • Ola M. Johannessen
  • Vladimir A. Volkov
  • Lasse H. Pettersson
  • Vladimir S. Maderich
  • Mark J. Zheleznyak
  • Yongqi Gao
  • Leonid P. Bobylev
  • Andrey V. Stepanov
  • Ivan A. Neelov
  • Viktor P. Tishkov
  • Sven P. Nielsen
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

This chapter presents a set of numerical modeling techniques for simulating the spread of radioactivity in the aquatic environment, in both marine and inland waters. Section 3.1 describes the concept and structure of the modeling system. Section 3.2 presents a model for the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. Section 3.3 presents a shelf sea model for the Kara Sea. Section 3.4 describes in detail the river and estuary models for the Ob′ and Yenisei Rivers. These comprise a one-dimensional model for simulation of the transport of radionuclides in a river system (RIVTOX), and a numerical model for three-dimensional dispersion simulation of radionuclides in stratified water bodies (THREETOX). For each model, we present results from validation of the models against comparable measurement data and knowledge based on observations.

Keywords

Radionuclide aBaT DBTT 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd, Chichester, UK 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ola M. Johannessen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vladimir A. Volkov
    • 3
  • Lasse H. Pettersson
    • 1
  • Vladimir S. Maderich
    • 4
  • Mark J. Zheleznyak
    • 4
  • Yongqi Gao
    • 1
  • Leonid P. Bobylev
    • 3
  • Andrey V. Stepanov
    • 5
  • Ivan A. Neelov
    • 3
    • 6
  • Viktor P. Tishkov
    • 5
  • Sven P. Nielsen
    • 7
  1. 1.Mohn-Sverdrup Center and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing CenterBergenNorway
  2. 2.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing CenterSt PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Mathematical Machines and System ProblemsKievUkraine
  5. 5.V. G. Khlopin Radium InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia
  6. 6.Arctic and Antarctic Research InstituteSt PetersburgRussia
  7. 7.Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable EnergyTechnical University of DenmarkRoskildeDenmark

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