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Sources of anthropogenic pollution in the Nordic Seas and Arctic

  • Ola M. Johannessen
  • Vladimir A. Volkov
  • Lasse H. Pettersson
  • Vladimir S. Maderich
  • Mark J. Zheleznyak
  • Yongqi Gao
  • Leonid P. Bobylev
  • Andrey V. Stepanov
  • Ivan A. Neelov
  • Viktor P. Tishkov
  • Sven P. Nielsen
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

This chapter describes the sources of radioactive and non-radioactive contamination in the Arctic and Nordic Seas. The primary and secondary sources of radioactivity in the study region are enumerated and described in Section 1.1. Section 1.2 focuses on a detailed description of three major Russian nuclear industries: (1) the Mayak Production Association, Chelyabinsk; (2) the Siberian Chemical Combine, Tomsk-7; and (3) the Mining and Chemical Combine, Krasnoyarsk-26. Section 1.3 provides a substantial description of non-radioactive pollution, including its sources and spread in the marine environment of the Barents, White, Kara, and Laptev Seas. The descriptions given here have been prepared from information from a range of open-literature material, including a wealth of Russian material and more widely known publications; for example, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP) reports. An effort has been made to provide the most recent information, although the ever-changing status of pollution sources challenges an evaluation of the present situation.

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Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd, Chichester, UK 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ola M. Johannessen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vladimir A. Volkov
    • 3
  • Lasse H. Pettersson
    • 1
  • Vladimir S. Maderich
    • 4
  • Mark J. Zheleznyak
    • 4
  • Yongqi Gao
    • 1
  • Leonid P. Bobylev
    • 3
  • Andrey V. Stepanov
    • 5
  • Ivan A. Neelov
    • 3
    • 6
  • Viktor P. Tishkov
    • 5
  • Sven P. Nielsen
    • 7
  1. 1.Mohn-Sverdrup Center and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing CenterBergenNorway
  2. 2.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing CenterSt PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Mathematical Machines and System ProblemsKievUkraine
  5. 5.V. G. Khlopin Radium InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia
  6. 6.Arctic and Antarctic Research InstituteSt PetersburgRussia
  7. 7.Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable EnergyTechnical University of DenmarkRoskildeDenmark

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