Cardiovascular Diseases

  • Susanne Ladd
  • Harald Kramer
  • Christoph R. Becker
  • Norbert Weiss
  • Ulrich Hoffmann
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality and an important economic factor in western societies (Anderson et al. 1991). While the known risk factors are readily identifiable by a combination of physical exam, laboratory analysis and patient history, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging theoretically offers a unique opportunity to assess what damage if any has already been inflicted onto the cardiovascular system before the disease becomes symptomatic.


Carotid Artery Internal Carotid Artery Carotid Endarterectomy Carotid Stenosis Carotid Plaque 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Ladd
    • 1
  • Harald Kramer
    • 2
  • Christoph R. Becker
    • 2
  • Norbert Weiss
    • 3
  • Ulrich Hoffmann
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and NeuroradiologyUniversity Hospital EssenEssenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Radiology, University Hospitals — GrosshadernLudwig-Maximilians-University of MunichMunichGermany
  3. 3.Department of Vascular Medicine, Medical PoliclinicUniversity Hospitals Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of MunichMunichGermany
  4. 4.Department of Internal Medicine, University HospitalLudwig-Maximilians-University of MunichMunichGermany

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