Synchrotron radiation is emitted when electromagnetic fields exert a force on a charged particle. This opens the possibility to apply external fields with specific properties for the stimulation of electrons to emit even more radiation. Of course, not just any external electromagnetic field would be useful. Fields at some arbitrary frequency would not work because particles interacting with such fields would in general be periodically accelerated and decelerated without any net energy transfer. The external field must have a frequency and phase such that a particle may continuously lose energy into synchrotron radiation. Generally, it is most convenient to recycle and use spontaneous radiation emitted previously by the same emission process. In this part, we will discuss in some detail the process of stimulation as it applies to a free electron laser.
KeywordsBeam Size Optical Cavity Free Electron Laser Electron Bunch Electron Beam Energy
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